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WKN: A3CRFF | ISIN: GB00BNR4T868 | Ticker-Symbol: 1K5A
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Renewi plc: Half-year report

DJ Renewi plc: Half-year report

Renewi plc (RWI) 
Renewi plc: Half-year report 
09-Nov-2023 / 07:00 GMT/BST 
=---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
9 November 2023 
Renewi plc 
 
Half Year Results 
for the six months ended 30 September 2023 
 
Renewi plc ("Renewi", the "Company" or, together with its subsidiaries, the "Group") (LSE: RWI), the leading European 
waste-to-product business, announces its results for the six months ended 30 September 2023 ("HY24" or the "period"). 
 
Financial Highlights - in line with guidance from 4 October 2023 
   -- Revenue of EUR937m and underlying EBIT1 of EUR50.7m (HY23: EUR952m and EUR75.2m respectively), reflects re-based 
  recyclate prices together with a subdued volume environment in certain commercial waste sectors and particularly 
  construction & demolition ("C&D") 
   -- Underlying EBITDA of EUR113.6m (HY23: EUR131.9m) 
   -- Statutory profit after tax of EUR35.3m (HY23: EUR53.4m) and basic EPS of 42 cents (HY23: 66 cents) 
   -- Net cash inflow from operating activities of EUR88.8m (HY23: EUR74.0m) due to improvements in working capital 
 
   -- Core net debt* to EBITDA of 2.1x (March 2023: 1.8x) with core net debt increased to EUR383.2m (March 2023: 
  EUR370.6m), in line with expectations 
 
Strategic and Operational Highlights - strong actions in HY24 
 
Margin focus: 
   -- Renewi 2.0 is now successfully completed and the programme has supported productivity in HY24 
   -- Additional actions to be implemented in H2 to reduce SG&A and other costs by EUR15m on an annual basis, 
  with capability and capacity retained 
 
Portfolio actions: 
   -- As previously announced, strategic review of UK Municipal on track, targeted outcome in the first half of 
  2024 
   -- Strong Q2 performance in Mineralz & Water ("M&W"), following ramp-up of sand and gravel production, with 
  H2 expected to show sharply improved results, in line with the performance enhancement plan 
 
Accelerated growth: 
   -- Successfully commissioned a hard plastics sorting facility in Acht, Netherlands which is expected to 
  achieve at least group hurdle returns over the course of 2024 
   -- The Group had a number of customer wins including the Dutch Ministry of Defence, TotalEnergies and 
  Custodial Institutions Agency 
   -- Renewi's Specialities business Maltha, continued to achieve record-breaking performance due to 
  operational enhancements and strategic investments. Coolrec maintained strong volumes in the period, though 
  plastics prices were lower 
 
Current trading and outlook - on track to achieve full year expectations 
   -- Full year guidance unchanged from trading update of 4 October 2023 
   -- Revenue stable as a result of targeted commercial initiatives and structural drivers, including Vlarema 8 
  legislation, expected to support resilient H2 demand across Commercial Waste Belgium, M&W and the Specialities 
  businesses which will mitigate in part continued low levels of C&D activity in the Netherlands 
   -- Significantly stronger EBIT performance in H2 underpinned by continued M&W earnings recovery, the initial 
  contribution from SG&A cost actions, pricing and further productivity initiatives. Further benefits of our margin 
  and portfolio initiatives, together with stabilised recyclate prices and tailwinds generated by Renewi 2.0, 
  underpin confidence in good progress in FY25 
 
Strategy in place to achieve sustainable improvements in margins and cash conversion in the medium term 
   -- Deliver >5% p.a. organic sales growth through growth initiatives, increased recycling conversion and 
  targeted market share gains 
   -- High single digit EBIT margins 
   -- Free cash flow generation at least 40% of EBITDA 
   -- ROCE of over 15% 
   -- Disciplined capital allocation strategy focused on attractive and sustainable shareholder value whilst 
  maintaining strong balance sheet as outlined at the Group's Capital Markets Event 
 
Otto de Bont, Chief Executive Officer, said: 
"Our first half performance was in line with our expectations and previous guidance from October. The period saw 
recyclate prices reverting to more normalised levels, following the unprecedented Covid peak. Volumes mostly 
stabilised, except in Construction and Demolition waste in the Netherlands. In response, we are taking strong action by 
reducing our SG&A cost base by EUR15m on an annual basis. 
 
"Alongside reducing costs, we continue to benefit from previous strategic actions. For example, Mineralz & Water have 
ramped up production of sand and gravel in our soil cleaning business as of September and we expect to show sharply 
improved results in H2. We continued to invest in future organic growth; at Maltha the operational enhancements enabled 
the business to achieve a record-breaking performance in the period. Our Vlarema8 line in Ghent, Belgium started 
ramp-up in H1 and we also commissioned our hard plastics sorting facility in Acht, Netherlands. All of these actions 
will contribute to a stronger second half and our medium term strategic objectives. On the commercial front Renewi won 
a number of significant customers as a result of our strong value proposition, such as the Dutch Ministry of Defence, 
TotalEnergies and Custodial Institutions Agency. 
 
"As announced in October, we are undertaking a strategic review of our UK Municipal business, with an outcome targeted 
for the first half of 2024. 
 
"As we look forward, our SG&A cost actions and benefits from Renewi 2.0 and the Mineralz & Water recovery are expected 
to lead to higher profit and margin expansion in the second half of the year and we expect this to flow through to 
FY25. Renewi's resilience and adept handling of price and cost dynamics have ensured a stable financial position and we 
reconfirm our intention to resume dividend payments at the end of this financial year. As a company we are proud of the 
critical role Renewi is playing in closing the loop to a circular economy and we look forward to continuing to enable 
the decarbonisation of our world while delivering value to our shareholders." 
 
The full text of the half year statement is set out below, together with detailed financial results and will be 
available on the Company's website at www.renewi.com. 
 
Virtual presentation 
 
Renewi will host a virtual presentation at 10:30-11:30am CET today. Please register to attend the webcast here: 
https://onlinexperiences.com/scripts/Server.nxp?LASCmd=AI:4;F:QS!10100&ShowUUID=C3E612CF-DACD-4EBF-9046-3E245751FAEA& 
LangLocaleID=1033. 
 
Today's presentation will also be available on the website once the webcast has concluded https://www.renewi.com/en/ 
investors. 
 
 
Results 
                      HY24   HY23#   % change 
UNDERLYING NON-STATUTORY 
Revenue                   EUR937.1m  EUR952.0m -2% 
Underlying EBITDA1             EUR113.6m  EUR131.9m -14% 
Underlying EBIT1              EUR50.7m  EUR75.2m  -33% 
Underlying EBIT1. margin          5.4%   7.9%   -2.5pps 
Adjusted free cash flow1          EUR24.1m   EUR22.2m 
Free cash flow1               EUR(1.6)m  EUR(4.4)m 
Free cash flow/EBITDA conversion1     -1.4%   -3.3% 
Return on capital employed1        8.1%   12.2% 
Core net debt*               EUR383.2m  EUR387.7m 
 
STATUTORY 
Revenue                   EUR937.1m EUR952.0m  -2% 
Operating profit              EUR64.1m  EUR83.6m  -23% 
Profit before tax             EUR45.4m  EUR71.6m  -36% 
Profit for the period           EUR35.3m  EUR53.4m  -34% 
Basic EPS (cents per share)        42c    66c    -36% 
Cash flow from operating activities    EUR94.7m  EUR81.9m 
Total net debt (including IFRS 16 leases) EUR687.9m  EUR687.6m 

1 The definition and rationale for the use of non-IFRS measures are included in note 18.

# Certain September 2022 values have been adjusted to reflect a prior year adjustment as referred to in note 2.

* Core net debt used for banking leverage calculations excludes the impact of IFRS 16 lease liabilities and UK PPP net debt.

For further information: 
 
 
FTI Consulting         Renewi plc 
+44 203 727 1340        Anne Metz, Director of Investor Relations 
FTI_RWI@FTIconsulting.com   +31 6 4167 9233 
Alex Le May / Richard Mountain investor.relations@renewi.com 
 
 

About Renewi

Renewi is a pure-play recycling company with a focus on extracting value from waste and used materials rather than disposal through incineration or landfill. The company also plays a key role in limiting resource scarcity through the creation of secondary materials, and by so doing addresses both social and regulatory trends and contributes to creating a cleaner, greener world.

Renewi's vision is to be the leading waste-to-product company in the world's most advanced circular economies. With a recycling rate of 64% which we believe to be among the highest in Europe, Renewi puts 7m tonnes of low carbon secondary materials back into reuse. This is a significant contribution to climate change mitigation and the circular economy. Our recycling protects virgin resources and avoids emissions of more than 2.5 million tonnes of CO2.

Renewi, which draws on innovation and the latest technology to turn waste into useful materials - paper, metals, plastics, glass, wood, building materials, compost and water - employs over 6,500 people who work on 154 operating sites in 5 countries across Europe and the UK. Renewi is recognised as a market leader in Benelux and a European leader in advanced recycling.

Visit our website for more information: www.renewi.com.

Chief Executive Officer's Statement

Overview

(MORE TO FOLLOW) Dow Jones Newswires

November 09, 2023 02:01 ET (07:01 GMT)

DJ Renewi plc: Half-year report -2-

As announced on October 4th, Renewi delivered performance broadly in line with the Board's expectations over the first half of FY24 against a backdrop of normalising recyclate prices and subdued economic activity. Year-on-year group revenue and underlying EBIT fell due to lower Commercial Waste volumes, particularly in C&D in the Netherlands and lower recyclate prices following Covid volume and price peaks. Most recyclate prices have now stabilised to levels around historic averages, with the majority of the decline, as well as ongoing inflationary pressures, being mitigated through pricing discipline and the margin benefits from the now completed Renewi 2.0 digitisation programme and other ongoing cost actions.

In Commercial Waste, inbound volumes stabilised in Belgium but continued to decline in the Netherlands during the first half, primarily due to ongoing demand weakness, especially from C&D customers. Pricing actions and cost savings have partially offset the impact of lower volumes, recyclate prices and cost inflation.

M&W's had a strong Q2 performance, following the ramp-up of throughput. The start of the year was impacted by pulling an annual maintenance stop into the first quarter, which is expected to benefit the division's results in the second half. Within Specialities, our glass recycling business, Maltha, continued to deliver strong performance, benefitting from the previously made operational enhancements. Coolrec maintained strong volumes, although was affected by lower plastics prices throughout the first half.

Further cost-cutting measures for our SG&A costs at both the divisional and central levels have been initiated in September 2023 and discussions are now being held with the relevant works councils. This initiative will result in a headcount reduction of 160 by 1 December 2023 with an expected cost to deliver of cEUR4-5m in year.

Group financial performance

Group Summary       Revenue         Underlying EBIT 
             HY24  HY23  Variance  HY24  HY23 Variance 
             EURm   EURm   %     EURm   EURm  % 
 
Commercial Waste     693.3 694.4 0%     50.3  68.4 -26% 
Mineralz & Water     88.4  93.3  -5%    1.5  2.6  -42% 
Specialities       178.7 186.3 -4%    10.3  11.3 -9% 
Group central services  -   -         (11.4) (7.1) -61% 
Inter-segment revenue   (23.3) (22.0)      -   - 
Total           937.1 952.0 -2%    50.7  75.2 -33% 
 

The underlying figures above are reconciled to statutory measures in note 3 in the consolidated financial statements.

Total revenues were down 2% to EUR937.1m and underlying EBIT was down 33% to EUR50.7m. Profit before tax decreased by EUR26.2m, to EUR45.4m, driven by the recyclate prices settling close to historical average levels, together with lower volumes in Commercial Waste. Ongoing inflationary pressures were offset by pricing discipline and ongoing cost actions. Earnings per share fell to 42 cents (HY23: 66 cents).

Outbound revenue from the sale of recycled materials decreased to EUR167.9m (HY23: EUR196.5m) driven by the lower recyclate prices.

A free cash outflow of EUR1.6m (HY23: EUR4.4m as adjusted for the prior year restatement as referred to in note 2) reflects the planned increase in replacement capital expenditure and interest and loan fees payments offset in part by a positive working capital performance. Total cash outflow was EUR15.9m, as a result of growth capex projects for Vlarema 8 and our hard plastics facility in Acht and extension of landfill rights in Mineralz. As expected, core net debt to EBITDA increased to 2.1x at 30 September 2023 from 1.8x at the end of March 2023. The Board's long-term target remains 2.0x. Liquidity headroom including core cash and undrawn facilities remained strong at EUR307m.

Divisional performance

Commercial Waste      Revenue    Underlying EBIT  Operating profit 
              HY24 HY23  HY24  HY23   HY24   HY23 
 
Netherlands Commercial   457.3 459.7  25.8  40.3   25.7   40.3 
Belgium Commercial     237.5 236.3  24.5  28.1   24.1   28.2 
Intra-segment revenue    (1.5) (1.6)  -    -     -    - 
Total (EURm)         693.3 694.4  50.3  68.4   49.8   68.5 
 
Period-on-period variance % 
Netherlands Commercial   -1%      -36%       -36% 
Belgium Commercial     1%      -13%       -15% 
Total            0%      -26%       -27% 
 
                     Underlying    Return on 
                     EBIT margin    operating assets 
                     HY24  HY23   HY24   HY23 
 
Netherlands Commercial          5.6%  8.8%   14.4%  24.3% 
Belgium Commercial            10.3%  11.9%   34.4%  51.8% 
Total                   7.3%  9.9%   19.4%  29.9% 
 

The return on operating assets excludes all landfill related provisions. The underlying figures above are reconciled to statutory measures in notes 3 and 18 in the consolidated financial statements.

The Commercial Waste Division revenues at EUR693m were flat and underlying EBIT fell by 26% to EUR50.3m, representing an underlying EBIT margin of 7.3%.

Revenues in the Netherlands declined by 1% to EUR457.3m and underlying EBIT fell by 36% to EUR25.8m. Underlying EBIT margins decreased by 320bps to 5.6% and return on operating assets fell to 14.4%. Volumes in the Netherlands have been impacted by ongoing demand weakness particularly from C&D customers due to declines in permissions for new building work resulting from environmental quotas. The decrease in recyclate prices is partially mitigated through the dynamic pricing contracts in which price fluctuations are shared with customers, buffering the impact on Renewi's results by about 65% of the recyclate movement. The volume decreases and residual portion of the declining recyclate prices impacted underlying EBIT margin for the first half. In response to this, divisional and central cost and efficiency measures are being executed before the end of 2023. We continued to exercise strong pricing discipline, ensuring inflation was passed on to customers throughout the period.

In Commercial Waste Belgium, revenue increased marginally to EUR237.5m and underlying EBIT fell by 13% to EUR24.5m. Underlying EBIT margins decreased by 160bps to 10.3%. Belgium has also been impacted by the lower recyclate prices; however, volumes have stabilised in the recent months and were marginally ahead of prior year. Strong pricing and cost actions taken have kept margins close to target levels.

Commercial efforts offering segment specific value propositions led to significant new contract wins in both the Netherlands and Belgium, examples include the Dutch Ministry of Defence, TotalEnergies and Custodial Institutions Agency. In Belgium cooperation with secondary disposers to meet the Vlarema 8 regulation also led to early successes, resulting in turning the volume decline into modest but profitable growth.

Key growth investments have progressed well, with our plastics facility in Acht being fully commissioned with promising results. The facility has capacity to process 25kT of hard plastics per year and is expected to be fully operational early 2024. Given the high level of purity achieved, pricing for the recyclates produced will drive strong financial returns from this facility once fully operational.

Our advanced sorting facility in Ghent is fully operational, achieving targeted recycling rates. Enforcement of Vlarema 8 legislation is ramping up within Flanders, and with full enforcement expected in 2024 we will commence the construction of our advanced sorting facility in Puurs accordingly.

Mineralz & Water      HY24 HY23 Variance 
              EURm  EURm  % 
 
Revenue           88.4 93.3 -5% 
Underlying EBIT       1.5  2.6 -42% 
Underlying EBIT margin   1.7% 2.8% 
Operating profit      9.5  11.0 -14% 
Return on operating assets -0.9% 7.3% 
 

The return on operating assets excludes all landfill related provisions. The underlying figures above are reconciled to statutory measures in notes 3 and 18 in the consolidated financial statements.

The M&W division saw revenues decrease by 5% to EUR88.4m and underlying EBIT fall by EUR1.1m to EUR1.5m. The performance in the first half reflected the pull forward of annual maintenance stops originally scheduled for the second half. Throughput was increased from 35 to 50 tonnes per hour in September and there was a continued good performance at the waterside and pyro installations.

We continue to improve the quality and consistency of our sand and filler products to provide high quality products for the construction industry. End of waste certification was achieved for gravel, opening up the offtake market to any customer. Although certification for sand is still pending, a commercial agreement has been reached for the offtake of 200kT of sand, signalling its continued recovery.

We also continue to work with off takers to place our 0.6mT residual TGG stocks with shipping started under the offtake contract confirmed earlier in the year.

Specialities        HY24 HY23 Variance 
              EURm  EURm  % 
 
Revenue           178.7 186.3 -4% 
Underlying EBIT       10.3 11.3 -9% 
Underlying EBIT margin   5.8% 6.1% 
Operating profit      17.0 10.5 62% 
Return on operating assets 31.5% 35.8% 
 

Underlying EBIT includes utilisation of EUR6.1m (HY23: EUR4.2m) from onerous contract provisions. The return on operating assets excludes the UK Municipal business. The underlying figures above are reconciled to statutory measures in notes 3 and 18 in the consolidated financial statements.

(MORE TO FOLLOW) Dow Jones Newswires

November 09, 2023 02:01 ET (07:01 GMT)

DJ Renewi plc: Half-year report -3-

The Specialities Division saw revenue down by 4% at EUR178.7m impacted by the termination of the Derby UK Municipal contract in the first half last year. Underlying EBIT declined by EUR1m to EUR10.3m (HY23: EUR11.3m). Our glass recycling business, Maltha, continued delivering record performance with revenue of EUR40.8m up 26% from the prior year and underlying EBIT margin of 14.5%, up 430bps due to operational improvements. Coolrec has enjoyed continued strong volumes resulting in revenue up by 3% to EUR45.1m although underlying EBIT margin was impacted by lower plastics prices. The UK Municipal business showed stable operational performance in expectations in the first half.

Markets and strategy

Sustainability is at the heart of what we do

Our goal has always been to breathe new life into used materials and our aspiration is to become the leading waste-to-product company within Europe. Over the course of the first half, we continued to achieve significant progress in solidifying our position as a leader within the circular economies where we operate.

Over the period our recycling rate declined from 63.6% at March to 62.4% at September driven by cessation of certain activities during FY23 together with lower C&D volumes in Commercial. However, industry accolades throughout the first half of the year have further underlined our pioneering efforts in sustainable innovation and our significant contribution to the circular economy. We are honoured to have received the prestigious Trends Impact Award, a leading business award in Belgium, recognising our exemplary role in driving the circular economy forward. Furthermore, we are delighted to continue our collaborative project with Electrolux and were honoured to receive the Plastics Recycling Europe Award, acknowledging our achievement in creating the first fridge made entirely from recycled plastics.

Our strategy for long-term profitable growth

As set out in 2021, we have committed to three pillars of value creation; circular innovations, M&W recovery and Renewi 2.0 which are together expected to deliver a profitability increase of EUR60m by FY26. As previously announced the Renewi 2.0 programme, which was focused on making the customer-facing part of the company simpler and more efficient is widely complete and has supported productivity in HY24. The final cost of implementing Renewi 2.0 is expected to remain around EUR28m with the EUR20m run rate of benefits to be delivered during the current financial year. Circular innovations and M&W recovery have now become an integral component of our top-line growth and margin initiatives.

For M&W, operational plans are in place to deliver profitability improvements. We have converted our soil treatment business to produce building products, like sand and gravel, instead of cleaned soil. With the first customers in place to take these building products to produce concrete, we started to increase our throughput volume from 35 to 50 tonnes, boosting profitability. To complete the recovery we will further increase our throughput and quality over the coming period.

We have a clear business strategy to deliver long-term growth in both margins and volumes. Our strategy is focused on three key areas outlined as follows: 1. Top-line growth of 5% per annum: Supported by our commercial offerings and customer segment approach, wehave established specific strategies to foster organic top-line growth. In addition to our revenue being closelylinked to inflation through contract indexation and underpinned by dynamic regulatory and social change, we willexpand our market share by delivering superior value and service to our customers, further developing our recyclingcapabilities and elevating the quality of secondary material production. 2. Sustainable improvement in margins: We have implemented a set of immediate measures aimed at boostingefficiency by simplifying the organisation and optimising administrative procedures. These endeavours will bereinforced by our digital strategy, focused on enhancing customer-centric processes, digitising internal operationsand elevating asset management capabilities. The successful execution of these initiatives is anticipated to leadto lasting improvements in profit margins, supporting our goal of achieving a high single-digit percentage EBITmargin. 3. Improving Cash Conversion: We will increase our ability to generate free cash flow, with the clearobjective of achieving a conversion rate of 40% of EBITDA by the end of FY26. This will be accomplished byeliminating legacy cash outflow, reducing exceptional costs and optimising asset utilisation, which, in turn, willresult in decreased capital expenditures. This improved cash generation capacity will allow for a capitalallocation policy encompassing both growth-focused investments and enhanced returns for shareholders.

Our capital allocation policy has been reset to reflect our ongoing disciplined approach to capital, prioritising shareholder returns and investing in growth:

-- Ordinary dividend to be reinstated with a final dividend for the financial year ending 31 March 2024, anda progressive policy targeting sustainable growth whilst maintaining cover of 3.0-4.0x underlying earnings

-- Investment of 30% of free cash flow annually in capex for growth projects with return hurdle rates of atleast 16% (pre-tax)

-- In the medium term, disciplined M&A and supplemental returns to shareholders (including potential sharebuybacks) will be considered for excess capital, after organic investment requirements

-- Long-term core debt leverage target of 2.0x EBITDA is reiterated

Outlook

Whilst we are mindful of the current challenging macroeconomic backdrop, our full year expectations are unchanged from the guidance provided in the trading update of 4 October 2023.

Targeted commercial initiatives and structural drivers, including Vlarema 8 legislation, are expected to support resilient demand in the near term across Commercial Waste Belgium, M&W and the Specialities businesses, which will mitigate, in part, continued low levels of C&D activity in the Netherlands over the second half. We anticipate the Dutch construction market will revert to growth by late 2024 or early 2025.

We continue to expect a significantly stronger EBIT performance in second half, underpinned by continued M&W earnings recovery, the initial contribution from additional SG&A cost actions, effective pricing and further productivity initiatives. Further benefits of our margin and portfolio initiatives, together with stabilised recyclate prices and tailwinds generated by Renewi 2.0, underpin confidence in further progress in FY25.

In the longer term we remain confident that, with regulation driving increasing demand for recycled materials, Renewi is well positioned for growth in its markets and to serve customers profitably as the circular economy develops and the market for low carbon secondary materials evolves.

FINANCE REVIEW

Financial Performance       HY24  HY23  Variance 
                 EURm   EURm   % 
 
Revenue              937.1 952.0 -2% 
Underlying EBITDA         113.6 131.9 -14% 
Underlying EBIT          50.7  75.2  -33% 
Operating profit         64.1  83.6  -23% 
 
Underlying profit before tax   31.3  61.6  -49% 
Non-trading & exceptional items  14.1  10.0 
Profit before tax         45.4  71.6 
Total tax charge for the period  (10.1) (18.2) 
Profit for the period       35.3  53.4 
 
Organic annual revenue growth   -2%  4% 
Underlying EBIT margin      5.4%  7.9% 
Free Cash Flow/EBITDA conversion -1.4% -3.3% 
Return on capital employed    8.1%  12.2% 
 

The underlying figures above are reconciled to statutory measures in notes 3 and 18 in the consolidated financial statements.

FY24 revenues and underlying EBIT were down 2% and 33% respectively impacted by lower recyclates pricing compared to last year of EUR13m and lower volumes of EUR15m particularly in Commercial Netherlands. Cost inflation was mitigated by pricing discipline and cost savings including additional benefits from Renewi 2.0. Depreciation charge was higher by EUR4m in the period principally as a result of the impact of higher spend including the delivery of trucks in the last half of FY23. Interest charges were higher given the impact of additional borrowings entered into in the second half of FY23, increased interest rates and loan fee amortisation charges as referenced below. The level of exceptional and non-trading items in the current year was a credit of EUR14.1m as described below, resulting in a statutory profit for the period of EUR35.3m compared to EUR53.4m last year.

Non-trading and exceptional items excluded from pre-tax underlying profits

To enable a better understanding of underlying performance, certain items are excluded from underlying EBIT and underlying profit before tax due to their size, nature or incidence. Total non-trading and exceptional items excluding tax were a credit of EUR14.1m in the period (HY23: EUR10.0m). Given the increase in Government bond yields from March 2023, discount rates used for long-term landfill and onerous contract provisions have been increased, resulting in a non-cash credit of EUR17.1m. This item is recorded as non-trading and exceptional due to size and nature in line with our policy. As previously reported, we have accounted for the cost of the Renewi 2.0 programme as exceptional due to its size and nature. As announced for the March 2023 year end, the programme of activity was largely complete and will deliver its full run rate benefits in FY24. In the six months to September 2023 there was a further EUR1.0m of spend with a similar level expected in the next six months as the project is finally closed. Further details of other items are provided in note 5 to the consolidated interim financial statements.

Operating profit after taking account of all non-trading and exceptional items was EUR64.1m (HY23: EUR83.6m).

Net finance costs

(MORE TO FOLLOW) Dow Jones Newswires

November 09, 2023 02:01 ET (07:01 GMT)

DJ Renewi plc: Half-year report -4-

Net finance costs excluding exceptional items increased with EUR6.2m to EUR19.8m (HY23: EUR13.6m), as a result of the impact of additional fixed rate borrowings in the second half of FY23, increased interest rates, the level of borrowings on the revolving credit facility and a non-cash write off of EUR1m of unamortised loan fees following the August 2023 renewal of the EUR400m revolving credit facility. Further details are provided in note 6 to the consolidated interim financial statements.

Taxation

Total taxation for the period was a charge of EUR10.1m (HY23: EUR18.2m). The effective tax rate on underlying profits at 27.1% (HY23: 26.5%) is based on the estimate of the full year effective tax rate. A tax charge of EUR1.6m is attributable to the non-trading and exceptional items of EUR14.1m as a number of items are not subject to tax.

Looking forward, we anticipate the underlying tax rate to remain around 27%. Due to items disallowed for tax in both the Netherlands and Belgium, our effective tax rate is higher than the nominal rates in the countries where we operate.

The Group statutory profit after tax, including all non-trading and exceptional items, was EUR35.3m (HY23: EUR53.4m).

Earnings per share (EPS)

Underlying EPS excluding non-trading and exceptional items was 27 cents per share, a decline of 29 cents given the lower profits and higher tax rate in the current period. Basic EPS was 42 cents per share compared to 66 cents per share in the prior year.

CASH FLOW PERFORMANCE

The funds flow performance table is derived from the statutory cash flow statement and reconciliations are included in note 18 in the consolidated financial statements. The table shows the cash flows from an adjusted free cash flow to total cash flow. The adjusted free cash flow measure focuses on the cash generation excluding the impact of historical liabilities relating to Covid-19 tax deferrals, settlement of ATM soil liabilities, spend relating to the UK PPP onerous contracts and other items including exceptional cash spend. Free cash flow represents the cash available to fund growth capital projects, pay dividends and invest in acquisitions.

Funds flow performance               HY24  HY23 
                          EURm   EURm 
 
Underlying EBITDA                 113.6 131.9 
Working capital movement              5.2  (26.0) 
Movement in provisions and other          (4.2) (3.9) 
Net replacement capital expenditure        (41.4) (35.0) 
Repayments of obligations under lease liabilities (25.4) (22.8) 
Interest and loan fees               (17.8) (14.1) 
Tax                        (5.9) (7.9) 
Adjusted free cash flow              24.1  22.2 
Deferred Covid taxes                (9.7) (9.9) 
Offtake of ATM soil                (1.0) (1.1) 
UK Municipal contracts               (9.8) (7.1) 
Renewi 2.0 and other exceptional spend       (1.6) (2.2) 
Other                       (3.6) (6.3) 
Free cash flow                   (1.6) (4.4) 
Growth capital expenditure             (15.9) (16.0) 
Acquisitions net of disposals           1.6  (60.1) 
Total cash flow                  (15.9) (80.5) 
 
Free cash flow/EBITDA conversion          -1.4% -3.3% 
 

Free cash flow conversion is free cash flow as a percentage of underlying EBITDA. The non-IFRS measures above are reconciled to statutory measures in note 18 in the consolidated financial statements. September 2022 values for repayments of obligations under lease liabilities and UK Municipal contracts have each been adjusted by EUR0.4m to reflect the prior year adjustment as referred to in note 2.

Adjusted free cash flow was marginally ahead in the period at EUR24.1m (HY23: EUR22.2m) despite the EBITDA decline and increased replacement capex and interest payments which have been offset by a favourable movement on working capital in the period across both payables and receivables.

Replacement capital spend at EUR41.4m was slightly ahead of last year and in line with expectations. In addition, EUR18.7m of new leases or modifications have been entered into which are reported as right-of-use assets with a corresponding lease liability. These leases include the continuation of the truck replacement programme, property lease renewals or extensions and other assets. Growth capital spend of EUR15.9m includes further spend on the Vlarema 8 advanced sorting investments in Belgium and plastics sorting at Acht in the Netherlands. This level of growth spend is lower than originally planned given slight delays at the second and third sites for advanced sorting in Belgium, as full enforcement of the new regulation is ramping up.

The higher cash outflow relating to interest includes the settlement of EUR2.6m of fees relating to the recent renewal of the Group revolving credit facility. Tax payments were slightly lower in the current period given the timing of settlements in the prior year.

Looking at the three legacy components that are shown below adjusted free cash flow, there has been a further EUR9.7m repayment on Dutch Covid-19 tax deferrals as expected. The remaining balance of EUR20m will be settled over the next 12 months. Cash spend for placement of TGG soil stocks has remained limited in the first six months and there has been no change in the cost accrual for the remaining disposal of these historical balances. Cash outflow on UK PPP contracts was EUR9.8m, slightly higher than the prior year albeit lower than anticipated.

The acquisitions net of disposals inflow of EUR1.6m included the sale of an entity acquired with the Renewi Westpoort acquisition in September 2023. Other cash flows include funding for the closed UK defined benefit scheme and the funding of the Renewi Employee Share trust.

Net cash inflow from operating activities increased from EUR74.0m in the prior period to EUR88.8m in the current year. A reconciliation to the underlying cash flow performance as referred to above is included in note 18 in the consolidated interim financial statements.

INVESTMENT PROJECTS

Expenditure in FY24

The Group's long-term expectations for replacement capital expenditure remain around 80% of depreciation. FY24 full year replacement capital spend is expected to be around EUR80m. In addition, a further EUR10m of IFRS 16 lease investments are anticipated in the second half.

Expenditure on the circular innovation pipeline will continue in the coming months, however timing for the advanced sorting investments in Belgium for Vlarema 8 has been slightly postponed with the FY24 full year spend now expected to be around EUR30m.

Return on assets

The Group return on operating assets excluding debt, tax and goodwill decreased to 26.4% at September 2023 from 36.9% at March 2023 given the lower profits in the last six months. The Group post-tax return on capital employed at September 2023 was 8.1% compared to 10.6% at March 2023.

Treasury and cash management

Core net debt and leverage ratios

Core net debt excludes IFRS 16 lease liabilities and the net debt relating to the UK PPP contracts which is non-recourse to the Group and secured over the assets of the special purpose vehicles. Core net debt was in line with management expectations at EUR383.2m (March 2023: EUR370.6m) which resulted in a net debt to EBITDA ratio of 2.1x, comfortably within our covenant limit of 3.5x. Liquidity headroom including core cash and undrawn facilities remains strong at EUR307m, a slight reduction from March as a result of the increase in net debt.

Debt structure and strategy

All our core borrowings of bonds and loans are green financed. As of 30 September 2023, 81% of our net debt excluding UK PPP non-recourse net debt was on a fixed rate.

Debt Structure                Sep 23 Mar 23 Variance 
                       EURm   EURm   EURm 
 
Belgian Green retail bonds          (200.0) (200.0) - 
Green RCF                  (125.4) (102.5) (22.9) 
Other Green loans              (105.0) (105.0) - 
Gross borrowings before lease liabilities  (430.4) (407.5) (22.9) 
IAS 17 lease liabilities and other      (7.3)  (9.1)  1.8 
Loan fees                  3.3   2.3   1.0 
Core cash                  51.2  43.7  7.5 
Core net debt (as per covenant definitions) (383.2) (370.6) (12.6) 
IFRS 16 lease liabilities          (241.1) (245.8) 4.7 
Net debt excluding UK PPP net debt      (624.3) (616.4) (7.9) 
UK PPP restricted cash balances       23.2  19.0  4.2 
UK PPP non-recourse debt           (86.8) (88.3) 1.5 
Total net debt                (687.9) (685.7) (2.2) 
 

In August 2023 the Group completed the renewal of its revolving credit facility, part of its Euro denominated multicurrency green finance facility. The size of the revolving credit facility ("RCF") remains unchanged at EUR400m and is for an initial five-year term to 2028 with two one-year extension options to 2030 together with a EUR150m accordion option to increase the facility subject to lender approval at that time. Interest remains based on Euribor plus a margin grid based on leverage and green sustainability metrics performance. Financial covenants remained unchanged and will be tested semi-annually at September and March.

There is sufficient headroom in the RCF to settle on maturity EUR15m of European private placement funds in December 2023 and green retail bonds of EUR75m in July 2024.

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The introduction of IFRS 16 on 1 April 2019 brought additional lease liabilities onto the balance sheet with an associated increase in assets. Covenants on our main bank facilities remain on a frozen GAAP basis and exclude IFRS 16 lease liabilities. The Group has complied with its banking covenants during the period. The Group operates a committed invoice discounting programme. The cash received for invoices sold at September 2023 was EUR106.3m (March 2023: EUR84.7m).

Debt borrowed in the special purpose vehicles (SPVs) created for the financing of UK PPP programmes is separate from the Group core debt and is secured over the assets of the SPVs with no recourse to the Group as a whole. Interest rates on PPP borrowings were fixed by means of interest rate swaps at contract inception. At September 2023 this net debt amounted to EUR63.6m (March 2023: EUR69.3m).

PROVISIONS AND CONTINGENT LIABILITIES

Around 88% of the Group's provisions are long-term in nature, with the onerous contract provisions against the PPP contracts being utilised over the remaining term of up to 17 years and landfill provisions for many decades longer. The provisions balance classified as due within one year amounts to EUR39m, including EUR3m for restructuring, EUR18m for onerous contracts, EUR10m for landfill related spend and EUR8m for environmental, legal and others. Further details are provided in note 13 to the consolidated interim financial statements.

Retirement benefits

The Group has a closed UK defined benefit pension scheme and at 30 September 2023, the scheme had an accounting deficit of EUR6.9m (March 2023: EUR4.3m). The change in the year was due to lower returns on pension scheme assets which were only partly offset by an increase in the discount rate assumption on scheme liabilities. The latest triennial actuarial valuation of the scheme was completed at 5 April 2021 and the future funding plan has been maintained at the current level of EUR3.5m per annum until December 2024. There are also several defined benefit pension schemes for employees in the Netherlands and Belgium which had a retirement benefit deficit of EUR5.0m at 30 September 2023 (March 2023: EUR5.0m).

PRINCIPAL RISKS AND UNCERTAINTIES

Renewi operates a risk management framework to identify, assess and control the most serious risks facing the Group. The 2023 Annual Report (pages 86 to 99) provides a discussion of the Group's principal risks and uncertainties. The Board believes that the key risks and associated mitigation strategies have not changed in the period.

Renewi continues to monitor the impact of the ongoing high inflationary environment pressures, fluctuations in recyclate prices and the economic uncertainty arising from geopolitical events. Cybercrime is an increasing risk for all businesses, and we have been investing to further strengthen our capabilities. All of these potential risks are actively reviewed and managed at the Board and in our executive management teams.

GOING CONCERN

The Directors have adopted the going concern basis in preparing these consolidated interim financial statements after assessing the Group's principal risks. Further details of the modelling and scenarios prepared are set out in note 2 of the financial statements. Having considered all the elements of the financial projections and applying appropriate sensitivities, the Directors confirm they have a reasonable expectation that the Group has adequate resources to continue in operational existence for the foreseeable future and to meet its covenants.

STATEMENT OF THE DIRECTORS' RESPONSIBILITIES

The Directors confirm that these condensed consolidated interim financial statements have been prepared in accordance with International Accounting Standard 34 Interim Financial Reporting as adopted for use in the UK, and that the interim management report includes a fair review of the information required by DTR 4.2.7 R and DTR 4.2.8 R, namely:

-- an indication of important events that have occurred during the first six months and their impact on thecondensed set of financial statements, and a description of the principal risks and uncertainties for the remainingsix months of the financial year; and

-- material related-party transactions in the first six months and any material changes in the related-partytransactions described in the last Annual Report.

A list of current Directors is maintained on the Renewi plc website: www.renewi.com.

Otto de Bont      Annemieke den Otter 
Chief Executive Officer Chief Financial Officer 
8 November 2023     8 November 2023 Forward-looking statements 

Certain statements in this announcement constitute "forward-looking statements". Forward-looking statements may sometimes, but not always, be identified by words such as "will", "may", "should", "continue", "believes", "expects", "intends" or similar expressions. These forward-looking statements are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors which, as a result, could cause Renewi plc's actual future financial condition, performance and results to differ materially from the plans, goals and expectations set out in the forward-looking statements. Such statements are made only as at the date of this announcement and, except to the extent legally required, Renewi plc undertakes no obligation to revise or update such forward-looking statements.

Consolidated Interim Income Statement (unaudited)

First half ended 30 September 2023

First half 2023/24          First half 2022/23 
                             Non-trading              Non-trading 
                                      Total                 Total 
                    Note  Underlying & exceptional       Underlying & exceptional 
                             items      EURm          items      EURm 
                        EURm                  EURm 
                             EURm                  EURm 
 
Revenue                 3,4  937.1   -        937.1   952.0   -        952.0 
Cost of sales              5   (764.1)  14.1       (750.0)  (766.2)  4.9       (761.3) 
Gross profit                  173.0   14.1       187.1   185.8   4.9       190.7 
Administrative expenses         5   (122.3)  (0.7)      (123.0)  (110.6)  3.5       (107.1) 
Operating profit            3   50.7    13.4       64.1   75.2    8.4       83.6 
Finance income             5,6  5.1    0.7       5.8    4.9    1.6       6.5 
Finance charges             5   (24.9)   -        (24.9)  (18.5)   -        (18.5) 
Share of results from associates and      0.4    -        0.4    -     -        - 
joint ventures 
Profit before taxation         3   31.3    14.1       45.4   61.6    10.0       71.6 
Taxation                5,7  (8.5)   (1.6)      (10.1)  (16.3)   (1.9)      (18.2) 
Profit for the period             22.8    12.5       35.3   45.3    8.1       53.4 
Attributable to: 
Owners of the parent              21.3    12.5       33.8   44.3    8.1       52.4 
Non-controlling interests           1.5    -        1.5    1.0    -        1.0 
                        22.8    12.5       35.3   45.3    8.1       53.4 
             First half First half 
Earnings per share Note 2023/24  2022/23 
             cents   cents 
 
Basic        8  42     66 
Diluted       8  42     66 
Underlying basic  8  27     56 
Underlying diluted 8  27     56 

Consolidated Interim Statement of Comprehensive Income (unaudited)

First half ended 30 September 2023

First half First half 
                                             2023/24  2022/23 
                                             EURm     EURm 
Items that may be reclassified subsequently to profit or loss: 
Exchange differences on translation of foreign subsidiaries               (1.1)   2.4 
Fair value movement on cash flow hedges                         8.2    13.4 
Deferred tax on fair value movement on cash flow hedges                 (2.1)   (1.8) 
Share of other comprehensive income of investments accounted for using the equity method 0.1    0.4 
                                             5.1    14.4 
 
Items that will not be reclassified to profit or loss: 
Actuarial loss on defined benefit pension schemes                    (4.1)   (4.0) 
Deferred tax on actuarial loss on defined benefit pension schemes            1.0    1.0 
                                             (3.1)   (3.0) 
 
Other comprehensive income for the period, net of tax                  2.0    11.4 
Profit for the period                                  35.3    53.4 
Total comprehensive income for the period                        37.3    64.8 
 
Attributable to: 
Owners of the parent                                   35.8    63.8 

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Non-controlling interests                                1.5    1.0 
Total comprehensive income for the period                        37.3    64.8 

Consolidated Interim Balance Sheet (unaudited)

As at 30 September 2023

Restated* 
                                      30 September       31 March 
                                             30 September 
                                    Note 2023           2023 
                                             2022 
                                      EURm            EURm 
                                             EURm 
Assets 
Non-current assets 
Goodwill and intangible assets                     10  638.6    635.3    636.3 
Property, plant and equipment                     10  620.1    580.1    617.9 
Right-of-use assets                          10  245.2    232.9    253.1 
Investments                                 26.5     15.5     14.8 
Loans to associates and joint ventures                   0.2     0.2     0.2 
Financial assets relating to PPP contracts                 122.2    127.2    123.4 
Derivative financial instruments                    15  4.3     4.4     1.2 
Defined benefit pension scheme surplus                 14  -      4.5     - 
Other receivables                              3.7     4.3     3.7 
Deferred tax assets                             35.3     35.0     35.6 
                                      1,696.1   1,639.4   1,686.2 
Current assets 
Inventories                                 25.9     26.7     25.2 
Investments                                 -      10.7     10.9 
Loans to associates and joint ventures                   0.9     0.6     0.8 
Financial assets relating to PPP contracts                 7.4     7.7     7.6 
Trade and other receivables                         273.2    290.0    289.6 
Derivative financial instruments                    15  2.2     4.3     0.4 
Current tax receivable                           1.5     0.9     1.5 
Cash and cash equivalents - including restricted cash         11  74.4     58.9     62.7 
                                      385.5    399.8    398.7 
Assets classified as held for sale                   10  0.6     1.5     0.6 
                                      386.1    401.3    399.3 
Total assets                                2,082.2   2,040.7   2,085.5 
Liabilities 
Non-current liabilities 
Borrowings                               11  (620.0)   (697.2)   (681.6) 
Derivative financial instruments                    15  (0.5)    (0.3)    (2.6) 
Other non-current liabilities                        (22.0)    (25.3)    (34.7) 
Defined benefit pension schemes deficit                14  (11.9)    (4.6)    (9.3) 
Provisions                               13  (280.1)   (287.0)   (298.2) 
Deferred tax liabilities                          (46.7)    (46.4)    (46.4) 
                                      (981.2)   (1,060.8)  (1,072.8) 
Current liabilities 
Borrowings                               11  (142.3)   (49.3)    (66.8) 
Derivative financial instruments                      -      (0.6)    (1.9) 
Trade and other payables                          (500.6)   (507.3)   (521.8) 
Current tax payable                             (35.9)    (31.5)    (31.2) 
Provisions                               13  (38.3)    (40.6)    (43.7) 
                                      (717.1)   (629.3)   (665.4) 
Total liabilities                              (1,698.3)  (1,690.1)  (1,738.2) 
Net assets                                 383.9    350.6    347.3 
 
Issued capital and reserves attributable to the owners of the parent 
Share capital                                99.8     99.5     99.8 
Share premium                                474.1    473.8    474.1 
Exchange reserve                              (13.3)    (12.3)    (12.2) 
Retained earnings                              (188.3)   (218.4)   (224.5) 
                                      372.3    342.6    337.2 
Non-controlling interests                          11.6     8.0     10.1 
Total equity                                383.9    350.6    347.3 

*The comparatives have been restated due to a prior period adjustment as explained in note 2 Basis of preparation.

Consolidated Interim Statement of Changes in Equity (unaudited)

First half ended 30 September 2023

Restated*  Restated* Non-    Restated* 
                              Share  Share 
                                      Exchange  Retained controlling Total 
                              capital premium reserve 
                                            earnings interests  equity 
                              EURm   EURm   EURm 
                                            EURm    EURm     EURm 
 
Balance at 1 April 2023                   99.8  474.1  (12.2)   (224.5)  10.1    347.3 
Profit for the period                    -    -    -      33.8   1.5     35.3 
Other comprehensive (loss) income: 
Exchange loss on translation of foreign subsidiaries    -    -    (1.1)    -     -      (1.1) 
Fair value movement on cash flow hedges           -    -    -      8.2    -      8.2 
Actuarial loss on defined benefit pension schemes      -    -    -      (4.1)   -      (4.1) 
Tax in respect of other comprehensive income items     -    -    -      (1.1)   -      (1.1) 
Share of other comprehensive income of investments     -    -    -      0.1    -      0.1 
accounted for using the equity method 
Total comprehensive (loss) income for the period      -    -    (1.1)    36.9   1.5     37.3 
Share-based compensation                  -    -    -      1.2    -      1.2 
Movement on tax arising on share-based compensation     -    -    -      (0.2)   -      (0.2) 
Own shares purchased by the Employee Share Trust      -    -    -      (1.7)   -      (1.7) 
Balance as at 30 September 2023               99.8  474.1  (13.3)   (188.3)  11.6    383.9 
 
Balance at 31 March 2022 - as reported           99.5  473.8  (15.0)   (227.1)  7.0     338.2 
Impact of prior year adjustment (note 2)          -    -    0.1     3.6    -      3.7 
Balance at 31 March 2022- restated             -    -    (14.9)   (223.5)  7.0     341.9 
Impact of adopting amendments to IAS 37           -    -    0.2     (53.4)  -      (53.2) 
Balance at 1 April 2022                   99.5  473.8  (14.7)   (276.9)  7.0     288.7 
Profit for the year                     -    -    -      62.9   3.7     66.6 
Other comprehensive income (loss): 
Exchange gain on translation of foreign subsidiaries    -    -    2.5     -     -      2.5 
Fair value movement on cash flow hedges           -    -    -      3.7    -      3.7 
Actuarial loss on defined benefit pension schemes      -    -    -      (15.5)  -      (15.5) 
Tax in respect of other comprehensive income items     -    -    -      4.5    -      4.5 
Share of other comprehensive income of investments     -    -    -      0.3    -      0.3 
accounted for using the equity method 
Total comprehensive income for the year           -    -    2.5     55.9   3.7     62.1 
Dividend paid to non-controlling interests         -    -    -      -     (0.6)    (0.6) 

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Share-based compensation                  -    -    -      2.7    -      2.7 
Movement on tax arising on share-based compensation     -    -    -      (0.9)   -      (0.9) 
Proceeds from exercise of employee options         0.3   0.3   -      -     -      0.6 
Own shares purchased by the Employee Share Trust      -    -    -      (5.3)   -      (5.3) 
Balance as at 31 March 2023                 99.8  474.1  (12.2)   (224.5)  10.1    347.3 
 
Balance at 31 March 2022 - as reported           99.5  473.8  (15.0)   (227.1)  7.0     338.2 
Impact of prior year adjustment (note 2)          -    -    0.1     3.6    -      3.7 
Balance at 31 March 2022 - restated             -    -    (14.9)   (223.5)  7.0     341.9 
Impact of adopting amendments to IAS 37           -    -    0.2     (53.4)  -      (53.2) 
Balance at 1 April 2022                   99.5  473.8  (14.7)   (276.9)  7.0     288.7 
Profit for the period                    -    -    -      52.4   1.0     53.4 
Other comprehensive income (loss): 
Exchange gain on translation of foreign subsidiaries    -    -    2.4     -     -      2.4 
Fair value movement on cash flow hedges           -    -    -      13.4   -      13.4 
Actuarial loss on defined benefit pension schemes      -    -    -      (4.0)   -      (4.0) 
Tax in respect of other comprehensive income items     -    -    -      (0.8)   -      (0.8) 
Share of other comprehensive income of investments     -    -    -      0.4    -      0.4 
accounted for using the equity method 
Total comprehensive income for the period          -    -    2.4     61.4   1.0     64.8 
Share-based compensation                  -    -    -      1.2    -      1.2 
Movement on tax arising on share-based compensation     -    -    -      (0.6)   -      (0.6) 
Own shares purchased by the Employee Share Trust      -    -    -      (3.5)   -      (3.5) 
Balance as at 30 September 2022 - restated*         99.5  473.8  (12.3)   (218.4)  8.0     350.6 

*The comparatives have been restated due to a prior period adjustment as explained in note 2 Basis of preparation.

Consolidated Interim Statement of Cash Flows (unaudited)

First half ended 30 September 2023

Restated* 
                                                  First 
                                                  half   First 
                                                Note      half 
                                                  2023/24 
                                                       2022/23 
                                                  EURm 
                                                       EURm 
Profit before tax                                       3  45.4   71.6 
Finance income                                         6  (5.8)   (6.5) 
Finance charges                                        6  24.9   18.5 
Share of results from associates and joint ventures                         (0.4)   - 
Operating profit                                        3  64.1   83.6 
Amortisation and impairment of intangible assets                        10  6.3    4.0 
Depreciation and impairment of property, plant and equipment                  10  34.8   34.1 
Depreciation and impairment of right-of-use assets                       10  25.7   23.3 
Net gain on disposal of property, plant and equipment, intangible assets              (0.9)   (2.6) 
Portfolio management and provision movements in non-trading and exceptional items          (18.2)  (11.9) 
Net decrease in provisions                                     (11.8)  (11.2) 
Payment related to committed funding of the defined benefit pension schemes             (1.8)   (1.8) 
Share-based compensation                                      1.2    1.2 
Operating cash flows before movement in working capital                       99.4   118.7 
Increase in inventories                                       (0.6)   (4.0) 
Decrease (increase) in receivables                                 13.0   (11.7) 
Decrease in payables                                        (17.1)  (21.1) 
Cash flows from operating activities                                94.7   81.9 
Income tax paid                                           (5.9)   (7.9) 
Net cash inflow from operating activities                              88.8   74.0 
Investing activities 
Purchases of intangible assets                                   (10.3)  (6.1) 
Purchases of property, plant and equipment                             (50.3)  (49.6) 
Proceeds from disposals of property, plant and equipment                      3.3    4.7 
Acquisition of subsidiary, net of cash acquired                           -     (53.5) 
Disposals of subsidiary and business assets net of acquisition of business assets and cash   12  1.6    0.4 
disposed of 
Net movements in associates and joint ventures                           (0.1)   (1.0) 
Outflows in respect of PPP arrangements under the financial asset model net of capital       2.7    2.9 
received 
Finance income                                           5.5    5.3 
Net cash outflow from investing activities                             (47.6)  (96.9) 
Financing activities 
Finance charges and loan fees paid                                 (23.3)  (19.4) 
Investment in own shares by the Employee Share Trust                        (1.7)   (3.5) 
Repayment of retail bonds                                      -     (100.0) 
Proceeds from bank borrowings                                 11  189.7   303.2 
Repayment of bank borrowings                                  11  (166.6)  (132.6) 
Repayment of PPP debt                                     11  (2.7)   (5.4) 
Repayment of obligations under lease liabilities                        11  (25.4)  (22.8) 
Net cash (outflow) inflow from financing activities                         (30.0)  19.5 
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents                        11.2   (3.4) 
Effect of foreign exchange rate changes                            11  0.5    (1.3) 
Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the period                    11  62.7   63.6 
Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the period                       11  74.4   58.9 

*The comparatives have been restated due to a prior period adjustment as explained in note 2 Basis of preparation.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

1. General information

Renewi plc is a public limited company listed on the London Stock Exchange with a secondary listing on Euronext Amsterdam. Renewi plc is incorporated and domiciled in Scotland under the Companies Act 2006, registered number SC077438. The address of the registered office is 16 Charlotte Square, Edinburgh, EH2 4DF. The nature of the Group's operations and its principal activities are set out in note 3.

2. Basis of preparation

This condensed set of consolidated interim financial statements for the six months ended 30 September 2023 has been prepared in accordance with the Disclosure and Transparency Rules of the United Kingdom Financial Conduct Authority and with IAS 34 Interim Financial Reporting as adopted for use in the UK. They should be read in conjunction with the 2023 Annual Report and Accounts, which have been prepared in accordance with UK adopted international accounting standards in conformity with the requirements of the Companies Act 2006. The 2023 Annual Report and Accounts are available from the Company's website www.renewi.com.

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These primary statements and selected notes comprise the unaudited consolidated interim financial statements of the Group for the six months ended 30 September 2023 and 2022, together with the audited results for the year ended 31 March 2023. These interim financial results do not comprise statutory accounts within the meaning of Section 434 of the Companies Act 2006. The comparative figures as at 31 March 2023 have been extracted from the Group's statutory Annual Report and Accounts for that financial year, but do not constitute those accounts. Those statutory accounts for the year ended 31 March 2023 were approved by the Board of Directors on 25 May 2023 and delivered to the Registrar of Companies. The report of the auditors on those accounts was unqualified, did not contain an emphasis of matter paragraph and did not contain any statement under Section 498 of the Companies Act 2006.

The Board of Directors approved, on 8 November 2023, these consolidated interim financial statements which have been reviewed by BDO LLP but not been audited.

Going concern

The Directors have adopted the going concern basis in preparing these consolidated interim financial statements after assessing the Group's principal risks including an assessment of the impact of the ongoing high inflationary environment and economic uncertainty arising from geopolitical events.

The Directors have carried out a comprehensive assessment of the Group's ability to continue as a going concern. This assessment has involved the review of medium-term cash flow and covenant modelling over an 18-month period to 31 March 2025. This includes expectations on the future economic environment as well as other principal risks associated with the Group's ongoing operations. The assessment includes a base case scenario setting out the Directors' current expectations of future trading and a plausible but severe downside scenario to assess the potential impact on the Group's future financial performance. The key judgement in both scenarios is the level of economic disruption caused by ongoing geopolitical events.

The downside scenario includes significantly weaker macroeconomic conditions leading to a volume decline below the forecast economic outlook in all our territories in the remainder of the current year and into FY25. Other downsides include a significant decline in recyclate prices from the current levels to below long-term averages and operational downtime in some of our plants. These factors reduce FY24 underlying EBIT by 17% and FY25 underlying EBIT by 29% compared to the base case. No mitigating actions have been applied to our downside modelling as they are not necessary to avoid any breach of covenants or shortfall in liquidity.

In the base case and downside scenarios the Group has sufficient liquidity and headroom in its existing facilities and no covenants are breached at any of the forecast testing dates.

In addition, a reverse stress test calculation has been undertaken to consider the points at which the covenants may be breached. Underlying EBIT in FY25 would need to reduce by 46% compared to the base case. In the opinion of the Directors there is no plausible scenario or combination of scenarios that we consider to be remotely likely that would generate this result.

Having considered all the elements of the financial projections, sensitivities and mitigating actions, the Directors confirm they have a reasonable expectation that the Group has adequate resources to continue in operational existence for the foreseeable future and to meet all banking covenants.

Prior year restatement

As reported in the Annual Report and Accounts for 31 March 2023, the Group undertook a more in depth analysis of the UK Municipal contract with East London Waste Authority (ELWA) as the contract is due to expire in December 2027. The contract is loss-making and therefore an onerous contract provision (OCP) has been recorded. At inception of this contract on 28 November 2003, a subsidiary of the Group entered a headlease arrangement for one location under the contract and then subleased it to ELWA Limited, an associate, on terms which mirrored the terms of the headlease. Prior to the disposal of the subsidiary in 2004 the headlease and sublease were novated to Renewi UK Services Limited (RUKS), a subsidiary of the Group. Upon adoption of IFRS 16 Leases from 1 April 2019, the Group accounted for the headlease as a right-of-use asset with the rental expense recorded as a repayment of the lease liability. The rental income from ELWA Limited was included within the cash flows used to measure the OCP.

During March 2023, external legal advice received clarified further the legal position in relation to the commercial substance of the lease arrangements. The legal advice stated that it is more likely than not that the sublease to ELWA Limited has taken effect as an assignment of the headlease by operation of law. The practical effect of this is the former subsidiary and ELWA Limited are directly liable for the headlease and that the novation in 2004 to RUKS was invalid. Accordingly, the Group determined that it was not appropriate to recognise the headlease as a right-of-use asset and the lease income should not have been included in the cash flows used to measure the OCP. The Group therefore concluded that the prior treatment was an error and that it was appropriate to restate the 1 April 2021 balance sheet which was actioned in the 2023 Annual Report and Accounts.

For the September 2023 condensed set of consolidated interim financial statements, it is appropriate to restate the 30 September 2022 Balance Sheet and Statement of Cash Flows. The impact on the 30 September 2022 balance sheet is a reduction in lease liabilities of EUR8.8m (of which EUR8.1m is non-current and EUR0.7m is current) with an increase in OCP of EUR5.1m (of which EUR4.1m is non-current and EUR1.0m is current) resulting in an impact of EUR3.6m on retained earnings and EUR0.1m on the exchange reserve. The related right-of-use asset was fully impaired therefore there is no impact on the net book value. However, as a result of the derecognition, cost and accumulated depreciation and impairment have both been reduced by EUR8.9m as at 1 April 2021 and 31 March 2022. The Income Statement impact for the six months ended 30 September 2022 is not material and therefore has not been restated. The impact on the Cash Flow Statement for the six months ended 30 September 2022 is to reduce the cash inflow from operating activities by EUR0.4m and reduce the cash outflow in financing activities by EUR0.4m. Earnings per share and alternative performance measures for the six months ended 30 September 2022 are not affected as a result of this correction.

The impact of the above restatements on the relevant line items in the Consolidated Balance Sheet and Statement of Changes in Equity is presented below:

30 September           30 September 
                                  2022         Restatement 2022 
Balance Sheet extract 
                                  (previously reported) EURm     (restated) 
                                  EURm                EURm 
Total assets                            2,040.7        -      2,040.7 
 
Liabilities 
Non-current liabilities 
Borrowings                             (705.3)        8.1     (697.2) 
Provisions                             (282.9)        (4.1)    (287.0) 
Other                                (76.6)        -      (76.6) 
                                  (1,064.8)       4.0     (1,060.8) 
 
Current liabilities 
Borrowings                             (50.0)        0.7     (49.3) 
Provisions                             (39.6)        (1.0)    (40.6) 
Other                                (539.4)        -      (539.4) 
                                  (629.0)        (0.3)    (629.3) 
Total liabilities                          (1,693.8)       3.7     (1,690.1) 
Net assets                             346.9         3.7     350.6 
Issued capital and reserves attributable to the owner of the parent 
Retained earnings                          (222.0)        3.6     (218.4) 
Exchange reserve                          (12.4)        0.1     (12.3) 
Other equity                            573.3         -      573.3 
                                  338.9         3.7     342.6 
Non-controlling interests                      8.0          -      8.0 
Total equity                            346.9         3.7     350.6 

Adoption of new and revised accounting standards

The following accounting standards, amendments and interpretations became effective during the period but the application of these standards and interpretations had no material impact on the amounts reported in these condensed interim consolidated financial statements:

-- Disclosure of Accounting Policies (Amendments to IAS 1 and IFRS Practice Statement 2)

-- Definition of Accounting Estimates (Amendments to IAS 8)

-- IFRS 17 Insurance contracts

-- Deferred Tax Related to Assets and Liabilities arising from a Single Transaction (Amendments to IAS 12)

-- International Tax Reform - Pillar Two Model Rules (Amendments to IAS 12)

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International Tax Reform - Pillar Two Model Rules

On 23 May 2023, the IASB issued International Tax Reform - Pillar Two Model Rules amendments to IAS 12 Income Taxes to clarify the application of IAS 12 to tax legislation enacted or substantively enacted to implement Pillar Two of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development's Base Erosion and Profit Shifting project which aims to address the tax challenges arising from the digitalisation of the economy. The amendments include the mandatory temporary exception from the requirement to recognise and disclose deferred taxes in the Pillar Two model rules.

In July 2023, the UK government enacted legislation to implement the Pillar Two rules. The legislation is effective for the Group from 1 April 2024 and includes an income inclusion rule and a domestic minimum tax, which together are designed to ensure a minimum effective tax rate of 15% in each country in which the Group operates. Similar legislation is being enacted by other governments around the world. As a result of the amendments to IAS 12, no impact is expected on the financial statements for the year ending 31 March 2024, and work is ongoing to assess the potential impact for the March 2025 financial statements. As required by the amendments to IAS 12, the Group has applied the exception to recognising and disclosing information about deferred tax assets and liabilities related to Pillar Two income taxes.

New standards and interpretations not yet adopted

Standards and interpretations issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) are only applicable if endorsed by the UK Endorsement Board (UKEB). At the date of approval of these financial statements there were no new IFRSs or IFRS Interpretation Committee interpretations which were early adopted by the Group. There are a number of new amendments effective for the period beginning 1 April 2024 however the Group does not expect a significant impact from any of the amendments.

Exchange Rates

In addition to the Group's presentational currency of Euros, the most significant currency for the Group is Sterling with the closing rate on 30 September 2023 of EUR1:GBP0.867 (30 September 2022: EUR1:GBP0.877) and an average rate for the period ended 30 September 2023 of EUR1:GBP0.0.867 (30 September 2022: EUR1:GBP0.852).

Critical accounting judgements and estimates

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with IFRS requires management to make judgements, estimates and assumptions that affect the application of policies and reported amounts of assets and liabilities, income and expenditure. In preparing these condensed consolidated interim financial statements, management have reviewed the nature of the significant judgements in applying the Group's accounting policies, the key sources of estimation uncertainty and other areas of focus, as set out on pages 180 to 182 of the 2023 Annual Report and Accounts. It has been determined that there have been no significant changes in methodology in relation to these key estimates and other areas of focus.

3. Segmental reporting

The Group's chief operating decision maker is considered to be the Board of Directors. The Group's reportable segments are determined with reference to the information provided to the Board of Directors, in order for it to allocate the Group's resources and to monitor the performance of the Group. These segments are unchanged from March 2023 and are set out below:

Commercial   Collection and treatment of commercial waste in the Netherlands and Belgium. 
Waste 
Mineralz &   Decontamination, stabilisation and re-use of highly contaminated materials to produce certified 
Water     secondary products for the construction industry in the Netherlands and Belgium. 
Specialities  Processing plants focusing on recycling and diverting specific waste streams. The operations are in the 
        UK, the Netherlands, Belgium, France and Portugal. 
Group central Head office corporate function. 
services 

The profit measure the Board of Directors uses to evaluate performance is underlying EBIT. The Group accounts for inter-segment trading on an arm's length basis.

The Commercial Waste reportable segment includes the Netherlands Commercial Waste and Belgium Commercial Waste operating segments which have been aggregated and reported as one reportable segment as they operate in similar markets in relation to the nature of the products, services, processes and type of customer.

First half First half 
Revenue             2023/24  2022/23 
                EURm     EURm 
Netherlands Commercial Waste  457.3   459.7 
Belgium Commercial Waste    237.5   236.3 
Intra-segment          (1.5)   (1.6) 
Commercial Waste        693.3   694.4 
 
Mineralz & Water        88.4    93.3 
 
Specialities          178.7   186.3 
 
Inter-segment revenue      (23.3)   (22.0) 
Revenue             937.1   952.0 
                           First half First half 
Results                        2023/24  2022/23 
                           EURm     EURm 
Netherlands Commercial Waste             25.8    40.3 
Belgium Commercial Waste               24.5    28.1 
Commercial Waste                   50.3    68.4 
 
Mineralz & Water                   1.5    2.6 
 
Specialities                     10.3    11.3 
 
Group central services                (11.4)   (7.1) 
 
Underlying EBIT                    50.7    75.2 
Non-trading and exceptional items (note 5)      13.4    8.4 
Operating profit                   64.1    83.6 
Finance income                    5.1    4.9 
Finance charges                    (24.9)   (18.5) 
Finance income - non trading and exceptional items  0.7    1.6 
Share of results from associates and joint ventures  0.4    - 
Profit before taxation                45.4    71.6 
                    Mineralz 
            Commercial   &     Specialities Group central    Tax, net debt and     Total 
Net assets       Waste                 services       derivatives 
                    Water  EURm                              EURm 
            EURm                   EURm          EURm 
                    EURm 
30 September 2023 
Gross non-current   1,137.5     265.4   211.0    42.6         39.6            1,696.1 
assets 
Gross current assets  193.1      29.7   77.6     7.6         78.1            386.1 
Gross liabilities   (370.5)     (201.5)  (231.5)   (49.4)        (845.4)          (1,698.3) 
Net assets       960.1      93.6   57.1     0.8         (727.7)          383.9 
(liabilities) 
31 March 2023 
Gross non-current   1,143.8     262.6   211.1    31.9         36.8            1,686.2 
assets 
Gross current assets  206.6      35.2   75.0     17.9         64.6            399.3 
Gross liabilities   (379.3)     (216.5)  (239.0)   (72.9)        (830.5)          (1,738.2) 
Net assets       971.1      81.3   47.1     (23.1)        (729.1)          347.3 
(liabilities) 

4. Revenue

The following tables show the Group's revenue by type of service delivered and by primary geographical market.

Mineralz & 
          Commercial Waste      Specialities Inter-segment Total 
By type of service         Water 
          EURm             EURm      EURm      EURm 
                  EURm 
First half 2023/24 
Inbound      562.2      77.7    104.0    (21.2)    722.7 
Outbound      87.1       10.7    72.0     (1.9)     167.9 
On-site      32.3       -     -      (0.2)     32.1 
Other       11.7       -     2.7     -       14.4 
Total revenue   693.3      88.4    178.7    (23.3)    937.1 
First half 2022/23 
Inbound      538.4      77.6    118.3    (20.2)    714.1 
Outbound      115.3      15.7    67.2     (1.7)     196.5 
On-site      31.6       -     -      (0.1)     31.5 
Other       9.1       -     0.8     -       9.9 
Total revenue   694.4      93.3    186.3    (22.0)    952.0 
                    Mineralz & 
            Commercial Waste      Specialities Inter-segment Total 
By geographical market         Water 
            EURm             EURm      EURm      EURm 
                    EURm 
First half 2023/24 
Netherlands      456.7      77.5    38.1     (22.1)    550.2 
Belgium        236.6      10.9    22.1     (1.2)     268.4 
UK           -        -     92.8     -       92.8 
France         -        -     14.4     -       14.4 
Portugal        -        -     11.3     -       11.3 
Total revenue     693.3      88.4    178.7    (23.3)    937.1 
First half 2022/23 
Netherlands      459.3      79.7    31.7     (20.9)    549.8 
Belgium        235.1      13.6    23.1     (1.1)     270.7 

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UK           -        -     110.0    -       110.0 
France         -        -     13.5     -       13.5 
Other         -        -     8.0     -       8.0 
Total revenue     694.4      93.3    186.3    (22.0)    952.0 

Revenue recognised at a point in time amounted to EUR825.1m (2022/23: EUR841.1m) with the remainder recognised over time. The majority of the Commercial Waste and Specialities revenue is recognised at a point in time, whereas for Mineralz & Water 67% of revenue (2022/23: 65%) is recognised over time.

5. Non-trading and exceptional items

To improve the understanding of the Group's financial performance, items which are not considered to reflect the underlying performance are presented in non-trading and exceptional items. These include, but are not limited to, significant impairments, significant restructuring of the activities of an entity including employee associated severance costs, acquisition and disposal related transaction costs, significant fires, onerous contracts arising from restructuring activities or if significant in size, profit or loss on disposal of properties or subsidiaries as these are irregular, the impact of terminating hedge derivatives, ineffectiveness of derivative financial instruments, the impact of changing the discount rate on provisions, amortisation of acquisition related intangibles and one-off tax credits or charges. The amortisation charge on acquisition related intangible assets is excluded from underlying results due to its non-trading nature in the same way as other significant items from M&A activity are excluded. The performance of the acquired business is assessed as part of the Group's underlying revenue and EBIT. By excluding this amortisation charge there is comparability across divisions and reporting periods.

First half First half 
                               2023/24  2022/23 
                               EURm     EURm 
Renewi 2.0 improvement programme               1.0    2.0 
 
Portfolio management activity: 
M&A related activity                     0.8    - 
Prior year disposals                     (1.1)   (1.7) 
Disposal of business assets in the Mineralz & Water division -     (3.8) 
                               (0.3)   (5.5) 
 
Changes in long-term provisions: 
Changes in discount rates                   (17.1)   (15.3) 
UK Municipal reassessment of onerous contract provisions   -     8.9 
                               (17.1)   (6.4) 
 
Ineffectiveness and impact of termination of cash flow hedges (0.7)   (1.6) 
Amortisation of acquisition related intangibles        3.0    1.5 
Non-trading and exceptional items in profit before tax    (14.1)   (10.0) 
Tax on non-trading and exceptional items           1.6    1.9 
Total non-trading and exceptional items in profit after tax  (12.5)   (8.1) 

Renewi 2.0 improvement programme

Renewi 2.0 improvement programme is a significant one-off business improvement project with total capital and one-off costs of EUR28m and as a result is considered to be exceptional. Following the transformational merger in 2017 the goal of the Renewi 2.0 programme is to make the Group more streamlined and more efficient and improve customer experience and increase employee engagement. As noted in the year to March 2023 financial statements, the programme is now completed with final costs coming through and the EUR20m run rate of savings will be delivered in the current financial year. The costs in the period of EUR1.0m (2022/23: EUR2.0m) were recorded in administrative expenses.

Portfolio management activity

The current year M&A related activity costs of EUR0.8m (2022/23: EURnil) relate to strategic initiatives.

The prior year disposals credit in the current period of EUR1.1m (2022/23: EUR1.7m) related to the release of a provision for a previous business disposal following a reassessment at 30 September 2023. The prior period credit related to an insurance claim recovery in relation to a prior business disposal. Also in the prior year certain business assets in the Mineralz & Water division were sold generating a profit of EUR3.8m. The EUR0.3m credit (2022/23: EUR5.5m) was all recorded in administrative expenses.

Changes in long-term provisions

The credit for changes in discount rates of EUR17.1m (2022/23: EUR15.3m) relates to the movement in risk free rates as a result of the half yearly assessment of Government bond yields which has impacted landfill related and onerous contract provisions.

The prior year charge of EUR8.9m in relation to the reassessment of UK Municipal onerous contract provisions was due to revised assumptions on cost inflation as a result of the high inflationary environment.

The total credit of EUR17.1m (2022/23: EUR6.4m) has been recorded in cost of sales.

Items recorded in finance income

The EUR0.7m credit (2022/23: EUR1.6m) relates to ineffectiveness of the Cumbria PPP project interest rate swaps as a result of a revised repayment programme for the PPP non-recourse debt.

Amortisation of acquisition related intangibles

Amortisation of intangible assets acquired in business combinations of EUR3.0m (2022/23: EUR1.5m) is all recorded in cost of sales.

Tax on non-trading and exceptional items

The tax charge for non-trading and exceptional items is only EUR1.6m (2022/23: EUR1.9m) as a number of items are not subject to tax.

6. Net finance charges

First half First half 
                                 2023/24  2022/23 
                                 EURm     EURm 
Finance charges 
Interest on borrowings*                      10.2    6.4 
Interest on PPP non-recourse debt                 3.2    3.4 
Lease liabilities interest                    4.5    3.8 
Unwinding of discount on provisions (note 13)           4.5    3.9 
Other finance costs                        2.5    1.0 
Total finance charges                       24.9    18.5 
 
Finance income 
Interest receivable on financial assets relating to PPP contracts (4.1)   (4.3) 
Other finance income                       (1.0)   (0.6) 
Total finance income before non-trading and exceptional items   (5.1)   (4.9) 
Non-trading and exceptional finance income: 
Ineffectiveness income on cash flow hedges            (0.7)   (1.6) 
Total finance income                       (5.8)   (6.5) 
 
Net finance charges                        19.1    12.0 

*Interest on borrowings has been amended to include amortisation of loan fees which was previously shown separately.

7. Taxation

The tax charge based on the profit for the period is made up as follows:

First half First half 
                                      2023/24  2022/23 
                                      EURm     EURm 
Current tax 
UK corporation tax 
 - Current year                              0.4    0.4 
Overseas tax 
 - Current year                              10.2    14.8 
Total current tax charge                          10.6    15.2 
Deferred tax 
 - Origination and reversal of temporary differences in the current period (0.5)   3.0 
Total deferred tax (credit) charge                     (0.5)   3.0 
Total tax charge for the period                      10.1    18.2 

The tax charge is recognised based on management's best estimate of the full year effective tax rate on expected full year profits to March 2024. The estimated average underlying annual tax rate for the year to 31 March 2024 is 27.0% (2022/23: 26.5%).

Uncertain tax positions

As referenced in the Match 2023 financial statements, the Dutch Tax Authorities have issued assessments adjusting the interest rate applied for tax purposes on some intra group loans from the UK to the Netherlands. The assessments have been appealed by the Group given that the interest rate charged of 5.9% is based on a detailed transfer pricing study and the Group will continue to defend the position vigorously. A provision of EUR1.4m is included in the accounts as a reduction in deferred tax asset in respect of losses, as this is considered to be the most probable outcome. It is noted that the maximum exposure in respect of this topic is calculated to be EUR11.6m (current tax charge EUR2.1m, deferred tax charge EUR9.5m) should the Group be wholly unsuccessful in its defence.

8. Earnings per share

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Underlying basic and diluted earnings per share exclude non-trading and exceptional items net of related tax. Non-trading and exceptional items are those items that are disclosed separately on the face of the Income Statement, because of their size or incidence, to enable a better understanding of performance. The Directors believe that adjusting earnings per share in this way enables comparison with historical data calculated on the same basis to reflect the business performance in a consistent manner and reflect how the business is managed and measured on a day to day basis.

First half 2023/24   First half 2022/23 
                              Basic Dilutions Diluted Basic Dilutions Diluted 
Weighted average number of shares (million)         79.5 0.2    79.7  79.4 0.4    79.8 
 
Profit after tax (EURm)                    35.3 -     35.3  53.4 -     53.4 
Non-controlling interests (EURm)               (1.5) -     (1.5)  (1.0) -     (1.0) 
Profit after tax attributable to ordinary shareholders (EURm) 33.8 -     33.8  52.4 -     52.4 
Basic earnings per share (cents)              42  -     42   66  -     66 

The reconciliation between underlying earnings per share and basic earnings per share is as follows:

First half 2023 First half 2022 
                                            /24       /23 
                                            Cents  EURm   Cents  EURm 
Underlying earnings per share/Underlying profit after tax attributable to ordinary   27   21.3  56   44.3 
shareholders 
Adjustments: 
Non-trading and exceptional items                            18   14.1  13   10.0 
Tax on non-trading and exceptional items                        (2)   (1.6)  (3)   (1.9) 
Basic earnings per share/Earnings after tax attributable to ordinary shareholders    42   33.8  66   52.4 
 
Diluted underlying earnings per share/Underlying profit after tax attributable to    27   21.3  56   44.3 
ordinary shareholders 
Diluted basic earnings per share/Earnings after tax attributable to ordinary      42   33.8  66   52.4 
shareholders 

The weighted average number of shares takes into account the movements in the Renewi Employee Share Trust. The Trust owns 600,326 (2022/23: 578,722) GBP1 shares of the issued share capital of the Company in trust for the benefit of employees of the Group. During the period 292,070 GBP1 shares were purchased by the Trust at a cost of EUR1.7m and 544,967 GBP1 shares were transferred to individuals under the Long-Term Incentive Plan and Deferred Annual Bonus schemes.

9. Dividends

The Directors do not recommend an interim dividend for the current year (2022/23: nil per share). The Directors did not recommend a final dividend for the year ended March 2023 (2022: nil per share).

10. Goodwill, intangible assets, property, plant and equipment, right-of-use assets and assets held for sale

Intangible Property,    Right-of-use 
                               Goodwill      plant             Total 
                                    Assets           assets 
                               EURm         and equipment         EURm 
                                    EURm             EURm 
                                         EURm 
Net book value at 1 April 2022                551.6  41.2    553.6      213.8     1,360.2 
Additions/modifications                    -    8.7    117.9      57.4     184.0 
Acquisitions through business combinations          17.4   27.9    19.0      38.4     102.7 
Disposals                           -    -     (4.9)      (5.4)     (10.3) 
Transferred to Assets held for sale              -    -     (0.1)      -       (0.1) 
Transfer from right-of-use assets to property, plant and   -    -     2.0       (2.0)     - 
equipment 
Amortisation and depreciation charge             -    (10.5)   (69.8)     (47.3)    (127.6) 
Impairment charge                       -    -     (1.7)      (2.3)     (4.0) 
Reversal of a prior year's impairment charge         -    -     2.0       0.5      2.5 
Exchange rate changes                     -    -     (0.1)      -       (0.1) 
Net book value at 31 March 2023                569.0  67.3    617.9      253.1     1,507.3 
Additions/modifications                    -    10.0    38.5      18.8     67.3 
Disposals                           -    -     (2.3)      (0.2)     (2.5) 
Disposal of a business                    (1.4)  -     -        -       (1.4) 
Transfer from right-of-use assets to property, plant and   -    -     0.8       (0.8)     - 
equipment 
Amortisation and depreciation charge             -    (6.3)   (34.7)     (25.7)    (66.7) 
Impairment charge                       -    -     (0.1)      -       (0.1) 
Net book value at 30 September 2023              567.6  71.0    620.1      245.2     1,503.9 

At 30 September 2023, the Group had property, plant and equipment commitments of EUR42.7m (31 March 2023: EUR53.1m), right-of-use asset commitments of EUR13.1m (31 March 2023: EUR17.7m) and intangible asset commitments of EUR0.2m (31 March 2023: EUR7.6m).

Assets held for sale

The Group had EUR0.6m assets classified as held for sale at 30 September 2023. The assets include EUR0.6m land and buildings in the Belgium Commercial Division which are expected to be sold within the next 12 months.

11. Cash and borrowings

Cash and cash equivalents are analysed as follows:

30 September 30 September 31 March 
                          2023     2022     2023 
                          EURm      EURm      EURm 
Cash at bank and in hand - core           51.2     39.2     43.7 
Cash at bank - restricted relating to PPP contracts 23.2     19.7     19.0 
Total cash and cash equivalents           74.4     58.9     62.7 

Borrowings are analysed as follows:

Restated* 
                             30 September       31 March 
                                   30 September 
                             2023           2023 
                                   2022 
                             EURm            EURm 
                                   EURm 
Non-current borrowings 
Retail bonds                       124.7    199.4    199.5 
Bank loans and private placements - fixed interest rates 89.6     24.9     89.6 
Bank loans - floating interest rates#          122.9    190.7    101.1 
Lease liabilities                    201.4    196.1    208.3 
PPP non-recourse debt                  81.4     86.1     83.1 
                             620.0    697.2    681.6 
Current borrowings 
Retail bonds                       74.9     -      - 
Bank loans and private placements - fixed interest rates 15.0     -      15.0 
Bank loans and overdrafts - floating interest rates   0.3     1.4     0.1 
Lease liabilities                    46.7     42.7     46.5 
PPP non-recourse debt                  5.4     5.2     5.2 
                             142.3    49.3     66.8 

The revolving credit facility is now included in Bank loans - floating interest rates.

*The comparatives for lease liabilities have been restated due to a prior year adjustment as explained in note 2 Basis of preparation.

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November 09, 2023 02:01 ET (07:01 GMT)

DJ Renewi plc: Half-year report -12-

In August 2023, the Group completed the renewal of its revolving credit facility, part of its Euro denominated multicurrency green finance facility. The size of the revolving credit facility remains unchanged at EUR400m and is for an initial five-year term to 2028 with two one-year extension options to 2030 together with a EUR150m accordion option to increase the facility subject to lender approval at that time. Financial covenants remained unchanged and will be tested semi-annually at September and March. The interest margin is adjusted based on the prevailing leverage ratio together with performance against three green sustainability metrics. As required by IFRS 9 Financial Instruments, we have undertaken a detailed assessment and determined that the terms of the new facility are substantially different from the facility being replaced. As a result there is an extinguishment of the previous facility which has resulted in EUR1.1m of unamortised loan fees being charged to the Income Statement in the period.

Movement in total net debt

At 1 
                                   Other                 At 30 
                          April  Cash         Exchange         September 
                              flows  non-cash   movements 
                          2023       changes           Disposed  2023 
                              EURm          EURm       of 
                          EURm        EURm                  EURm 
                                                 EURm 
Bank loans and overdrafts - floating interest rates (101.2) (23.1)  1.1     -       -     (123.2) 
Bank loans and private placements - fixed interest (104.6) -    -      -       -     (104.6) 
rates 
Retail bonds                    (199.5) -    (0.1)    -       -     (199.6) 
Lease liabilities                  (254.8) 25.4   (18.7)    (0.1)     0.1    (248.1) 
Debt excluding PPP non-recourse debt        (660.1) 2.3   (17.7)    (0.1)     0.1    (675.5) 
PPP non-recourse debt                (88.3) 2.7   -      (1.2)     -     (86.8) 
Total gross debt                  (748.4) 5.0   (17.7)    (1.3)     0.1    (762.3) 
Cash and cash equivalents - core          43.7  7.9   -      0.3      (0.7)   51.2 
Cash and cash equivalents - restricted relating to 19.0  4.0   -      0.2      -     23.2 
PPP contracts 
Total net debt                   (685.7) 16.9   (17.7)    (0.8)     (0.6)   (687.9) 
 
Analysis of total net debt: 
Net debt excluding PPP non-recourse net debt    (616.4) 10.2   (17.7)    0.2      (0.6)   (624.3) 
PPP non-recourse net debt              (69.3) 6.7   -      (1.0)     -     (63.6) 
Total net debt                   (685.7) 16.9   (17.7)    (0.8)     (0.6)   (687.9) 

At 30 September 2023, the balance of interest accrued relating to borrowings was EUR3.8m (2022/23: EUR2.0m) and was included in trade and other payables. This balance was after finance charges of EUR18.6m (2022/23: EUR13.5m) net of a cash outflow of EUR20.7m (2022/23: EUR19.4m) excluding loan fees.

Analysis of movement in total net debt

Restated* 
                                               First       Full 
                                               half  First   year 
                                                   half 
                                               2023/24      2022/23 
                                                   2022/23 
                                               EURm        EURm 
                                                   EURm 
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents including cash sold as part of business 11.2  (3.4)   0.4 
disposals 
Net decrease (increase) in borrowings and lease liabilities including lease liabilities sold 5.1   (42.4)  (3.8) 
as part of business disposals 
Total cash flows in net debt                                 16.3  (45.8)  (3.4) 
Bank loans and lease liabilities acquired through a business combination           -    (33.1)  (37.7) 
Lease liabilities entered into during the period                       (18.7) (16.7)  (57.4) 
Lease liabilities cancelled during the period                         -    0.7    5.4 
Capitalisation of loan fees                                  2.6   -     0.3 
Amortisation of loan fees                                   (1.6)  (0.6)   (1.0) 
Exchange (loss) gain                                     (0.8)  2.4    2.6 
Movement in net debt                                     (2.2)  (93.1)  (91.2) 
Total net debt at beginning of period                             (685.7) (594.5)  (594.5) 
Total net debt at end of period                                (687.9) (687.6)  (685.7) 

*The lease liabilities comparatives have been restated due to a prior period adjustment as explained in note 2 Basis of preparation.

12. Acquisitions and Disposals

Acquisitions

There are no current period acquisitions.

In the prior period, the Netherlands Commercial division acquired 100% of the share capital of GMP Exploitatie B.V. and its subsidiaries (subsequently renamed Renewi Westpoort Holding B.V.) for a cash consideration of EUR53.5m. The asset identification and fair value allocation processes were finalised in the year ended 31 March 2023 and resulted in a final fair value of the net identifiable assets acquired of EUR36.4m with resultant goodwill arising on acquisition of EUR17.1m. In addition, the division completed a business assets acquisition for cash consideration of EUR1.6m, the fair value of net assets acquired was EUR1.3m resulting in EUR0.3m of goodwill.

Disposals

On 1 September 2023, the Netherlands Commercial division disposed of 100% of the share capital of Buro ontwerp & omgeving B.V. to GMP Groep B.V. for a cash consideration of EUR2.3m. The net assets of the entity sold totalled EUR2.3m including EUR1.4m of goodwill, EUR0.7m cash and EUR0.1m of lease liabilities resulting in no profit or loss on disposal.

In the prior year, the Mineralz & Water division disposed of net liabilities totalling EUR3.6m in relation to its North business for a cash consideration of EUR0.2m generating a profit on sale of EUR3.8m which was recorded as a non-trading and exceptional item in line with the Group's policy due to the significant value of the profit. In addition, the Specialities division sold its Maltha Hungary entity. Net liabilities of EUR0.8m were sold for a cash consideration net of cash sold of EUR0.1m which generated a profit on sale of EUR0.9m which was recorded in underlying EBIT.

13. Provisions

Site restoration and  Onerous   Legal and   Restructuring Other Total 
                      aftercare       contracts  warranty 
                                               EURm      EURm  EURm 
                      EURm           EURm      EURm 
At 1 April 2023              164.5         141.9    7.5      3.0      25.0 341.9 
Provided in the period           0.1          -      -       0.6      0.8  1.5 
Released in the period           -           (0.4)    (1.2)     (0.3)     (0.8) (2.7) 
Finance charges - unwinding of discount  1.9          2.5     -       -       0.1  4.5 
Utilised in the period           (2.6)         (7.1)    (0.2)     (0.7)     (1.1) (11.7) 
Exceptional impact of increase in discount (10.4)         (6.7)    -       -       -   (17.1) 
rates (note 5) 
Exchange rate changes           0.1          1.9     -       -       -   2.0 
At 30 September 2023            153.6         132.1    6.1      2.6      24.0 318.4 
Within one year              10.1          18.2     2.6      2.6      4.8  38.3 
Between one and five years         42.2          65.7     0.5      -       6.3  114.7 
Between five and ten years         55.4          28.6     0.5      -       3.2  87.7 
Over ten years               45.9          19.6     2.5      -       9.7  77.7 
At 30 September 2023            153.6         132.1    6.1      2.6      24.0 318.4 
Within one year              11.3          18.9     4.0      3.0      6.5  43.7 

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DJ Renewi plc: Half-year report -13-

Between one and five years         40.6          62.3     0.4      -       6.0  109.3 
Between five and ten years         61.9          32.8     0.5      -       3.3  98.5 
Over ten years               50.7          27.9     2.6      -       9.2  90.4 
At 31 March 2023              164.5         141.9    7.5      3.0      25.0 341.9 

Discount rates

The landfill provisions are principally located in the Netherlands and Belgium. The discount rate is calculated with reference to German Government bond yields as an appropriate Eurozone country primarily due to their higher degree of liquidity compared to Dutch and Belgian Government bonds. The onerous contract provisions are principally in the UK and the discount rate is calculated with reference to UK Government bond yields. In determining the discount rate, consideration is also given to the timing of future cash flows. The cash flows used to determine the outstanding provision are risk adjusted and include annual inflation so there is no risk adjustment included within the nominal discount rate. In all cases, the final determination of rates used has taken into consideration average bond yields over the last 10 and 20 years and the market bond yields at 30 September 2023.

The table below sets out the range of nominal discount rates used for the significant provisions:

At 30    At 31    At 30 
                            September  March    September 
 
                            2023     2023     2022 
                            %      %      % 
Landfill provisions in the Netherlands and Belgium   2.75 to 3.00 2.20 to 2.30 3.00 
Landfill provisions in the UK             4.45 to 5.00 3.40     4.00 
Onerous contract provisions in the UK         4.30 to 4.75 3.25 to 3.75 4.00 

Site restoration and aftercare

The site restoration provisions relate to the cost of final capping and covering of the landfill and mineral extraction sites. These site restoration costs are expected to be paid over a period of up to 28 years from the balance sheet date. Aftercare provisions cover post-closure costs of landfill sites which include such items as monitoring, gas and leachate management and licensing. For aftercare provisions relating to Dutch landfill sites where the province administers and controls the aftercare fund, payments are made to the province at predetermined dates over a period of up to 9 years. Where the Group is responsible for the aftercare the dates of payments of these aftercare costs are uncertain but are anticipated to be over a period of at least 30 years from closure of the relevant landfill site. All site restoration and aftercare costs have been estimated by management based on current best practice and technology available and may be impacted by a number of factors including changes in legislation and technology.

Onerous contracts

Onerous contract provisions arise when the unavoidable costs of meeting contractual obligations exceed the cash flows expected. They are provided for at the lower of the net present value of either exiting the contracts or fulfilling our obligations under the contracts. The provisions have been calculated on the best estimate of likely future cash flows over the contract term based on the latest projections including assumptions on inflationary increases, tonnage inputs, off-take availability and recyclates pricing. The provisions are to be utilised over the period of the contracts to which they relate with the latest date being 2040.

Legal and warranty

Legal and warranty provisions relate to legal claims, warranties and indemnities. Under the terms of the agreements for the disposal of certain businesses, the Group has given a number of warranties and indemnities to the purchasers which may give rise to payments. The Group has a liability until the end of the contractual terms in the agreements. The Group considers each warranty provision based on the nature of the business disposed of and the type of warranties provided with judgement used to determine the most likely obligation.

Restructuring

The restructuring provision primarily relates to redundancy and related costs incurred as a result of restructuring initiatives. As at 30 September 2023 the provision is expected to be spent in the following twelve months as affected employees leave the business.

Other

Other provisions includes dilapidations of EUR10.3m (March 2023: EUR10.9m), long-service employee awards of EUR6.2m (March 2023: EUR6.0m) and other environmental liabilities of EUR7.5m (March 2023: EUR8.1m). The dilapidations provisions are determined on a site by site basis using internal expertise and experience and are calculated as the most likely cash outflow at the end of the contracted obligation. The provisions will be utilised over the period up to 2073.

14. Defined benefit pension schemes

The Group has the legacy Shanks UK defined benefit scheme which provides pension benefits for pensioners, deferred members and eligible UK employees which is closed to new entrants and to future benefit accrual. In addition, there are a number of defined benefit pension schemes eligible for certain employees in both the Netherlands and Belgium.

The amounts recognised in the Income Statement were as follows:

First half First half 
                            2023/24  2022/23 
                            EURm     EURm 
Current service cost                  0.7    0.9 
Interest charge (income) on scheme net liabilities   0.1    (0.1) 
Net defined benefit pension schemes charge before tax  0.8    0.8 

The amounts recognised in the balance sheet were as follows:

30 September 30 September 31 March 
                                       2023     2022     2023 
                                       EURm      EURm      EURm 
Present value of defined benefit obligations                 (187.1)   (188.5)   (201.1) 
Fair value of plan assets                           175.2    188.4    191.8 
Defined benefit pension schemes net deficit                  (11.9)    (0.1)    (9.3) 
Related deferred tax asset                          3.0     -      2.4 
Net defined pension schemes liability                     (8.9)    (0.1)    (6.9) 
 
Classified as: 
Defined benefit scheme surplus - included in non-current assets        -      4.5     - 
Defined benefit pension schemes deficit - included in non-current liabilities (11.9)    (4.6)    (9.3) 
Defined benefit pension schemes net deficit                  (11.9)    (0.1)    (9.3) 

The legacy Shanks UK defined benefit scheme deficit increased by EUR2.6m from EUR4.3m at 31 March 2023 to EUR6.9m at 30 September 2023. The scheme liabilities reduced due to an increase in the discount rate assumption from 4.9% at 31 March 2023 to 5.50% at 30 September 2023 however asset values decreased as a result of lower than anticipated returns. The deficit for the overseas defined benefit schemes was unchanged from a liability of EUR5.0m at 31 March 2023.

15. Financial instruments at fair value

The Group uses the following hierarchy of valuation techniques to determine the fair value of financial instruments:

-- Level 1: quoted (unadjusted) prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities

-- Level 2: other techniques for which all inputs which have a significant effect on the recorded fair valueare observable, either directly or indirectly

-- Level 3: techniques which use inputs which have a significant effect on the recorded fair value that arenot based on observable market data

During the period ended 30 September 2023, there were no transfers between level 1 and level 2 fair value measurements and no transfers into or out of level 3.

Valuation techniques used to derive level 2 fair values:

-- Unlisted non-current investments comprise unconsolidated companies where the fair value approximates thebook value

-- Short-term investment valuations are provided by the fund manager

-- Derivative financial instruments are determined by discounting the future cash flows using the applicableperiod-end yield curve

-- The fair value of the fixed interest rate bank loans and private placements are determined by discountingthe future cash flows using the applicable period-end yield curve

-- The fair value of retail bonds is based on indicative market pricing

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DJ Renewi plc: Half-year report -14-

The table below presents the level 2 fair values of the Group's relevant assets and liabilities. The carrying value of bank loans, private placements and retail bonds are held at amortised cost with all other items in the table held at fair value. The Group considers that the fair value of all other financial assets and financial liabilities are not materially different to their carrying value.

30 September 30 September 31 March 
                             2023     2022     2023 
                             EURm      EURm      EURm 
Assets 
Unlisted non-current investments             4.6     4.6     4.6 
Short-term investments                  10.9     10.7     10.9 
Derivative financial instruments             6.5     8.7     1.6 
                             22.0     24.0     17.1 
Liabilities 
Derivative financial instruments             0.5     0.9     4.5 
Bank loans and private placements - fixed interest rates 109.4    24.8     110.6 
Retail bonds                       194.5    195.6    196.5 
                             304.4    221.3    311.6 

16. Contingent liabilities

Since 2017 ATM has faced challenges in the offtake of thermally treated soil. There are discussions ongoing on the application of thermally cleaned soil in certain areas in the Netherlands and it cannot be ruled out that this could result in liability for damages resulting from third-party claims in the future.

All sites need to operate in alignment with the related permits and when new regulatory requirements come into force, the Group may need to undertake additional expenditure to align to new standards. No account is taken of any potential changes until the new obligations are fully defined and enforceable.

Due to the nature of the industry in which the business operates, from time to time the Group is made aware of claims or litigation arising in the ordinary course of the Group's business. Provision is made for the Directors' best estimate of all known claims and all such legal actions in progress. The Group takes legal advice as to the likelihood of success of claims and actions and no provision is made where the Directors consider, based on that advice, that the action is unlikely to succeed or a sufficiently reliable estimate of the potential obligation cannot be made. None of these other matters are expected to have a material impact.

Under the terms of sale agreements, the Group has given a number of indemnities and warranties relating to businesses sold in prior periods. Different warranty periods are in existence and it is assumed that these will expire within 15 years. Based on management's assessment of the most likely outcome appropriate warranty provisions are held.

17. Related party transactions

The Group's significant related party transactions remain as disclosed in note 8.2 of the 2023 Annual Report and Accounts. There were no material differences in related parties or related party transactions in the interim period compared to the prior year.

18. Alternative performance measures (APMs) and reconciliations

In accordance with the Guidelines on APMs issued by the European Securities and Markets Authority, additional information is provided on the APMs used by the Group below. The Directors use APMs as they believe these measures provide additional useful information on the underlying trends, performance and position of the Group. These measures are used for internal performance analysis. These terms are not defined terms under IFRS and may therefore not be comparable with similarly titled measures used by other companies. These measures are not intended to be a substitute for, or superior to, IFRS measurements. There have been no changes in approach.

Financial   How we define it                        Why we use it 
Measure 
                                       Provides insight into profit generation 
Underlying  Operating profit excluding non-trading and exceptional items  and is the measure used by management to 
EBIT     which are defined in note 5                  make decisions as it provides consistency 
                                       and comparability of the ongoing 
                                       performance between periods 
Underlying  Underlying EBIT as a percentage of revenue           Provides insight into margin development 
EBIT margin                                 and trends 
       Underlying EBIT before depreciation, amortisation and 
Underlying  impairment of property, plant and equipment, right-of-use   Measure of earnings and cash generation to 
EBITDA    assets, intangible assets and investments, profit or loss on  assess operational performance 
       disposal of property, plant and equipment, intangible assets 
       and subsidiaries 
Underlying                                  Facilitates underlying performance 
profit before Profit before tax excluding non-trading and exceptional items evaluation 
tax 
Underlying  Earnings per share excluding non-trading and exceptional items Facilitates underlying performance 
EPS                                     evaluation 
Underlying                                  Provides a more comparable basis to 
effective tax The effective tax rate on underlying profit before tax     analyse the tax rate 
rate 
Return on   Last 12 months underlying EBIT divided by a 13-month average  Provides a measure of the return on assets 
operating   of net assets excluding core net debt, IFRS 16 lease      across the Divisions and the Group 
assets    liabilities, derivatives, tax balances, goodwill and      excluding goodwill and acquisition related 
       acquisition related intangibles                intangible balances 
Post-tax   Last 12 months underlying EBIT as adjusted by the Group's   Provides a measure of the Group return on 
return on   effective tax rate divided by a 13-month average of net assets assets taking into account the goodwill 
capital    excluding core net debt, IFRS 16 lease liabilities and     and acquisition related intangible 
employed   derivatives                          balances 
       Net cash generated from operating activities including 
       interest, tax and replacement capital spend and excluding cash 
       flows from non-trading and exceptional items, Covid-19 tax 
       deferral payments, settlement of historic ATM soil liabilities Measure of cash generation in the 
       and cash flows relating to the UK PPP contracts. Payments to  underlying business available to fund 
Adjusted free fund defined benefit pension schemes are also excluded as   growth capital projects and invest in 
cash flow   these schemes are now closed to both new members and ongoing  acquisitions. We classify our capital 
       accrual and as such relate to historic liabilities. The    spend into general replacement expenditure 
       Municipal contract cash flows are excluded because they    and growth capital projects 
       principally relate to onerous contracts as reported in 
       exceptional charges in the past and caused by adverse market 
       conditions not identified at the inception of the contract 
Non-trading  Renewi 2.0 and other exceptional cash flows are presented in 
and      cash flows from operating activities and are included in the  Provides useful information on non-trading 
exceptional  categories in note 5, net of opening and closing Balance Sheet and exceptional cash flow spend 
cash flow   positions 
items 
                                       Measure of cash available after regular 
Free cash   Net cash generated from operating activities principally    replacement capital expenditure and 
flow     including interest, tax and replacement capital spend     historic liabilities to pay dividends, 
                                       fund growth capital projects and invest in 
                                       acquisitions 
Free cash                                  Provides an understanding of how profits 
flow/EBITDA  The ratio of free cash flow to underlying EBITDA        convert into cash 
conversion 
Growth 
capital    Growth capital projects which include the innovation portfolio Provides an understanding of how cash is 
       and other large strategic investments             being spent to grow the business 
expenditure 
       Total cash flow is the movement in net debt excluding loan fee 
Total cash  capitalisation and amortisation, exchange movements, movement Provides an understanding of total cash 
flow     in PPP cash and PPP non-recourse debt, additions to IFRS 16  flow of the Group 
       lease liabilities and lease liabilities acquired through a 
       business combination 
Financial   How we define it                        Why we use it 
Measure 
                                       The cash relating to UK PPP contracts is 
                                       not freely available to the Group and is 

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Core cash excludes cash and cash equivalents relating to UK  excluded from financial covenant 
Core cash   PPP contracts                         calculations of the main multicurrency 
                                       green finance facility therefore excluding 
                                       this gives a suitable measure of cash for 
                                       the Group 
                                       The borrowings relating to the UK PPP 
                                       contracts are non-recourse to the Group 
       Core net debt includes core cash and excludes debt relating to and excluding these gives a suitable 
Core net debt the UK PPP contracts and lease liabilities as a result of IFRS measure of indebtedness for the Group. 
       16                               IFRS 16 lease liabilities are excluded as 
                                       financial covenants on the main 
                                       multicurrency green finance facility 
                                       remain on a frozen GAAP basis 
       Liquidity headroom includes core cash and undrawn committed  Provides an understanding of available 
Liquidity   amounts on the multicurrency green finance facility and the  headroom to the Group 
       European Investment Bank facility 
       This is the key covenant of the Group's banking facilities 
       which is calculated following an agreed methodology to protect 
       the Group from potential volatility caused by accounting 
       standard changes, sudden movements in exchange rates and 
Net debt to  exceptional items. Net debt and EBITDA are measured on a    Commonly used measure of financial 
EBITDA/    frozen GAAP basis with the main impact of this being the    leverage and consistent with covenant 
leverage   exclusion of IFRS 16 lease liabilities. Exceptional items are definition 
ratio     excluded from EBITDA and cash and debt relating to UK PPP 
       contracts are excluded from net debt. Net debt and EBITDA are 
       translated to Euros using average exchange rates for the 
       period. Covenant ratios are measured half yearly on a rolling 
       12-month basis at March and September 

Reconciliation of operating profit to underlying EBITDA

Netherlands Belgium  Mineralz       Group 
                                         & 
                              Commercial Commercial     Specialities central Total 
First half 2023/24                                Water 
                              Waste    Waste        EURm      services EURm 
                                         EURm 
                              EURm     EURm                EURm 
Operating profit (loss)                  25.7    24.1    9.5   17.0     (12.2)  64.1 
Non-trading and exceptional items (excluding finance    0.1     0.4    (8.0)  (6.7)    0.8   (13.4) 
items) 
Underlying EBIT                      25.8    24.5    1.5   10.3     (11.4)  50.7 
Depreciation and impairment of property, plant and     29.0    15.7    8.3   4.3     3.2   60.5 
equipment and right-of-use assets 
Amortisation and impairment of intangible assets      0.5     -     0.4   0.1     2.3   3.3 
(excluding acquisition related intangibles) 
Non-exceptional (gain) loss on disposal of property, plant (0.6)    (0.4)   -    0.1     -    (0.9) 
and equipment and intangible assets 
Underlying EBITDA                     54.7    39.8    10.2   14.8     (5.9)  113.6 
                              Netherlands Belgium  Mineralz       Group 
                                          & 
                              Commercial Commercial     Specialities central Total 
First half 2022/23                                 Water 
                              Waste    Waste        EURm      services EURm 
                                          EURm 
                              EURm     EURm                EURm 
Operating profit (loss)                   40.3    28.2    11.0   10.5     (6.4)  83.6 
Non-trading and exceptional items (excluding finance items) -      (0.1)   (8.4)  0.8     (0.7)  (8.4) 
Underlying EBIT                       40.3    28.1    2.6   11.3     (7.1)  75.2 
Depreciation and impairment of property, plant and     26.6    14.8    8.6   3.8     3.0   56.8 
equipment and right-of-use assets 
Amortisation and impairment of intangible assets (excluding 0.4     -     0.4   0.1     1.6   2.5 
acquisition related intangibles) 
Non-exceptional gain on disposal of property, plant and   (1.6)    (0.1)   -    (0.9)    -    (2.6) 
equipment, intangible assets and subsidiaries 
Underlying EBITDA                      65.7    42.8    11.6   14.3     (2.5)  131.9 

Calculation of return on operating assets

Netherlands Belgium        Specialities 
                                    Mineralz & 
                         Commercial Commercial      excluding UK Group 
First half 2023/24                           Water 
                         Waste    Waste         Municipal  EURm 
                                    EURm 
                         EURm     EURm          EURm 
Underlying EBIT (12 months to 30 September 2023) 62.4    48.8    (0.6)   16.1     108.4 
13 month average of operating assets       432.7    141.7   64.1    51.3     410.5 
Return on operating assets            14.4%    34.4%   -0.9%   31.5%    26.4% 
First half 2022/23 
Underlying EBIT (12 months to 30 September 2022) 90.2    49.2    4.4    14.5     144.1 
13 month average of operating assets       370.4    95.2    60.7    40.6     322.1 
Return on operating assets            24.3%    51.8%   7.3%    35.8%    44.7% 

Calculation of post-tax return on capital employed

September September 
                                         2023   2022 
                                         EURm    EURm 
Operating profit for 12 months to September                   101.9   150.2 
Non-trading and exceptional items in operating profit for 12 months to September 6.5    (6.1) 
Underlying EBIT for 12 months to September                    108.4   144.1 
Tax at effective rate (2023/24: 27.0%, 2022/23: 26.5%)              (29.4)  (38.2) 
Post tax underlying EBIT for 12 months to September               79.0   105.9 
 
13 month average of capital employed                       975.5   867.5 
 
Post-tax return on capital employed                       8.1%   12.2% 

Reconciliation of statutory profit before tax to underlying profit before tax

First half First half 
                           2023/24  2022/23 
                           EURm     EURm 
Statutory profit before tax              45.4    71.6 
Non-trading and exceptional items in operating profit (13.4)   (8.4) 
Non-trading and exceptional finance income      (0.7)   (1.6) 
Underlying profit before tax             31.3    61.6 

Reconciliation of adjusted free cash flow and free cash flow as presented in the Finance review

Restated* 
                                      First half 
                                           First half 
                                      2023/24 
                                           2022/23 
                                      EURm 
                                           EURm 
Net cash generated from operating activities                88.8    74.0 
Include finance charges and loan fees paid                 (23.3)   (19.4) 
Include finance income received                      5.5    5.3 

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Include repayment of obligations under lease liabilities          (25.4)   (22.8) 
Include purchases of replacement items of intangible assets        (10.3)   (6.1) 
Include purchases of replacement items of property, plant and equipment  (34.4)   (33.6) 
Include proceeds from disposals of property, plant & equipment       3.3    4.7 
Include capital received in respect of PPP financial asset net of outflows 2.7    2.9 
Include repayment of UK Municipal contracts PPP debt            (2.7)   (5.4) 
Include movement in UK Municipal contracts PPP cash            (4.0)   0.5 
Include investment in own shares by the Employee Share Trust        (1.7)   (3.5) 
Include net movements in associates and joint ventures           (0.1)   (1.0) 
Free cash flow                               (1.6)   (4.4) 
Exclude deferred Covid taxes paid                     9.7    9.9 
Exclude offtake of ATM soil                        1.0    1.1 
Exclude UK Municipal contracts                       9.8    7.1 
Exclude non-trading and exceptional provisions and working capital     1.6    2.2 
Exclude payments to fund defined benefit pension schemes          1.8    1.8 
Exclude investment in own shares by the Employee Share Trust        1.7    3.5 
Exclude net movements in associates and joint ventures           0.1    1.0 
Adjusted free cash flow                          24.1    22.2 

*The comparatives have been restated due to a prior year adjustment as explained in note 2 Basis of preparation.

Reconciliation of net capital spend in the Finance review to purchases and disposal proceeds of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets within Investing activities in the consolidated Statement of Cash Flows

First half First half 
                                  2023/24  2022/23 
                                  EURm     EURm 
Purchases of intangible assets                   (10.3)   (6.1) 
Purchases of replacement property, plant and equipment       (34.4)   (33.6) 
Proceed from disposals of property, plant and equipment       3.3    4.7 
Net replacement capital expenditure                 (41.4)   (35.0) 
Growth capital expenditure                     (15.9)   (16.0) 
Total capital spend as shown in the cash flow in the Finance review (57.3)   (51.0) 
                                                    First  First 
                                                    half  half 
 
                                                    2023/24 2022/23 
                                                    EURm   EURm 
Purchases of intangible assets                                     (10.3) (6.1) 
Purchases of property, plant and equipment (replacement and growth)                   (50.3) (49.6) 
Proceed from disposals of property, plant and equipment                         3.3   4.7 
Purchases and disposal proceeds of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets within Investing (57.3) (51.0) 
activities in the consolidated Statement of Cash Flows 

Reconciliation of property, plant and equipment additions to replacement capital expenditure as presented in the Finance review

First half First half 
                                   2023/24  2022/23 
                                   EURm     EURm 
Property, plant and equipment additions (note 10)          (38.5)   (44.3) 
Intangible asset additions (note 10)                 (10.0)   (4.5) 
Proceeds from disposals of property, plant and equipment       3.3    4.7 
Movement in capital creditors (included in trade and other payables) (12.1)   (6.9) 
Growth capital expenditure - as disclosed in the Finance review   15.9    16.0 
Replacement capital expenditure per Finance review          (41.4)   (35.0) 

Reconciliation of total cash flow as presented in the Finance review to the movement in total net debt

Restated* 
                                 First half First half 
 
                                 2023/24  2022/23 
                                 EURm     EURm 
Total cash flow                          (15.9)   (80.5) 
Additions to lease liabilities net of cancelled lease liabilities (18.7)   (16.0) 
Repayment of obligations under lease liabilities         25.4    22.8 
Lease liabilities disposed of                   0.1    - 
Lease liabilities acquired though a business combination     -     (26.1) 
Movement in PPP non-recourse debt                 2.7    5.4 
Movement in PPP cash and cash equivalents             4.0    (0.5) 
Capitalisation of loan fees net of amortisation          1.0    (0.6) 
Exchange movements                        (0.8)   2.4 
Movement in total net debt (note 11)               (2.2)   (93.1) 

*The comparatives have been restated due to a prior year adjustment as explained in note 2 Basis of preparation.

Reconciliation of total cash flow as presented in the Finance review to the movement in cash

First half First half 
                         2023/24  2022/23 
                         EURm     EURm 
Total cash flow                 (15.9)   (80.5) 
Repayment of retail bonds            -     (100.0) 
Proceeds from bank borrowings          189.7   303.2 
Repayment of bank borrowings           (166.6)  (132.6) 
Bank loan acquired through business combination -     7.0 
Movement in PPP cash and cash equivalents    4.0    (0.5) 
Exchange movements                0.5    (1.3) 
Movement in total cash              11.7    (4.7) 

Reconciliation of total net debt to net debt under covenant definition

Restated* 
                   30 September 30 September 31 March 
 
                   2023     2022     2023 
                   EURm      EURm      EURm 
Total net debt            (687.9)   (687.6)   (685.7) 
Exclude PPP non-recourse debt     86.8     91.3     88.3 
Exclude PPP cash and cash equivalents (23.2)    (19.7)    (19.0) 
Exclude IFRS 16 lease liabilities   241.1    228.3    245.8 
Net debt under covenant definition  (383.2)   (387.7)   (370.6) 

*The comparatives have been restated due to a prior year adjustment as explained in note 2 Basis of preparation.

INDEPENDENT REVIEW REPORT TO RENEWI PLC

Conclusion

Based on our review, nothing has come to our attention that causes us to believe that the condensed set of financial statements in the half-yearly financial report for the six months ended 30 September 2023 is not prepared, in all material respects, in accordance with UK adopted International Accounting Standard 34 and the Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rules of the United Kingdom's Financial Conduct Authority.

We have been engaged by the company to review the condensed set of financial statements in the half-yearly financial report for the six months ended 30 September 2023 which comprises the Consolidated Interim Income Statement, the Consolidated Interim Statement of Comprehensive Income, the Consolidated Interim Balance Sheet, the Consolidated Statement of Changes in Equity and the Consolidated Interim Statement of Cash Flows and the related notes 1 to 18.

Basis for conclusion

We conducted our review in accordance with International Standard on Review Engagements (UK) 2410, "Review of Interim Financial Information Performed by the Independent Auditor of the Entity" ("ISRE (UK) 2410"). A review of interim financial information consists of making enquiries, primarily of persons responsible for financial and accounting matters, and applying analytical and other review procedures. A review is substantially less in scope than an audit conducted in accordance with International Standards on Auditing (UK) and consequently does not enable us to obtain assurance that we would become aware of all significant matters that might be identified in an audit. Accordingly, we do not express an audit opinion.

As disclosed in note 2, the annual financial statements of the group are prepared in accordance with UK adopted international accounting standards. The condensed set of financial statements included in this half-yearly financial report has been prepared in accordance with UK adopted International Accounting Standard 34, "Interim Financial Reporting".

Conclusions relating to going concern

(MORE TO FOLLOW) Dow Jones Newswires

November 09, 2023 02:01 ET (07:01 GMT)

DJ Renewi plc: Half-year report -17-

Based on our review procedures, which are less extensive than those performed in an audit as described in the Basis for conclusion section of this report, nothing has come to our attention to suggest that the directors have inappropriately adopted the going concern basis of accounting or that the directors have identified material uncertainties relating to going concern that are not appropriately disclosed.

This conclusion is based on the review procedures performed in accordance with ISRE (UK) 2410, however future events or conditions may cause the group to cease to continue as a going concern.

Responsibilities of directors

The directors are responsible for preparing the half-yearly financial report in accordance with the Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rules of the United Kingdom's Financial Conduct Authority.

In preparing the half-yearly financial report, the directors are responsible for assessing the company's ability to continue as a going concern, disclosing, as applicable, matters related to going concern and using the going concern basis of accounting unless the directors either intend to liquidate the company or to cease operations, or have no realistic alternative but to do so.

Auditor's responsibilities for the review of the financial information

In reviewing the half-yearly report, we are responsible for expressing to the Company a conclusion on the condensed set of financial statement in the half-yearly financial report. Our conclusion, including our Conclusions Relating to Going Concern, are based on procedures that are less extensive than audit procedures, as described in the Basis for Conclusion paragraph of this report.

Use of our report

Our report has been prepared in accordance with the terms of our engagement to assist the Company in meeting the requirements of the Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rules of the United Kingdom's Financial Conduct Authority and for no other purpose. No person is entitled to rely on this report unless such a person is a person entitled to rely upon this report by virtue of and for the purpose of our terms of engagement or has been expressly authorised to do so by our prior written consent. Save as above, we do not accept responsibility for this report to any other person or for any other purpose and we hereby expressly disclaim any and all such liability.

BDO LLP

Chartered Accountants

London, UK

8 November 2023

BDO LLP is a limited liability partnership registered in England and Wales (with registered number OC305127).

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Dissemination of a Regulatory Announcement that contains inside information in accordance with the Market Abuse Regulation (MAR), transmitted by EQS Group. The issuer is solely responsible for the content of this announcement.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ISIN:     GB00BNR4T868 
Category Code: IR 
TIDM:     RWI 
LEI Code:   213800CNEIDZBL17KU22 
Sequence No.: 283640 
EQS News ID:  1768553 
 
End of Announcement EQS News Service 
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